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Caranx papuensis Alleyne, &. Macleay, 1877
Papuan Trevally; Tea-leaf Trevally; Caranx sansun Forsskål, 1775

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Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » ACANTHOPTERYGII (Superorder) » PERCIFORMES (Order) » PERCOIDEI (Suborder) » CARANGIDAE (Family) » Caranx Lacépède, 1801 (Genus) » Caranx papuensis Alleyne & Macleay, 1877

Species Caranx papuensis Alleyne & Macleay, 1877


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CAAB : 37337064 Taxon concept Caranx_papuensis last modified 2013-02-06 11:56:44.976

Species Caranx papuensis Alleyne & Macleay, 1877

Brassy Trevally , Papuan Trevally, Tea-leaf Trevally


Miscellaneous Literature Names




New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Exmouth Gulf (21º50´E), WA to Tweed Heads (28°12'S), NSW; tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Cape Province (20), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Other Regions

Coral Sea Islands Territory

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Coral reef, inshore, marine, pelagic.


General References

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia . Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. [114]

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers . Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. [72]

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes . Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. [314]

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers . Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. [58]

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20 : 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [127] (824, as Caranx sansun, in part)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [162]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. [162]

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. [2715]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89 (1): 11-127 [44] (1027)


Common Name References

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes . Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. [314] (Tea-leaf Trevally)

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers . Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. [58] ( Brassy Trevally , Papuan Trevally)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. ( Brassy Trevally )

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. [2715] (FAO) ( Brassy Trevally )


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
13-Dec-2012 13-Dec-2012 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2010 MODIFIED

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Last modified: Wednesday, 6 February 2013 11:56:44 AM AEDT

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Carangidae  
 Genus Caranx  
  Caranx papuensis    Alleyne & Macleay, 1877 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Carangus sansum Carangus sansun Caranx celetus Caranx regularis   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); Lin & Shao(1999)
Character: D. VIII, I+21-22; A. II, I+17-18; P. i+19-20; G.R. 7-9+19; CLS. 53-61; SLS. 34-37 all scales; vertebrate 10+14. Breast naked ventrally, usually with a small patch of prepelvic scales. Lateral line moderately arched, becoming straight below 6-7th ray of second dorsal fin. Adults with head and body brassy to yellowish green above, silvery below; a conspicuous pale spot, approximately diameter of pupil, on shoulder just behind posterodorsal margin of opercle; small black spots (forming at about 25 cm fork length) scattered on body above lateral line, becoming more numerous with age; caudal fin with upper lobe uniformly dusky, on lower limb of first gill arch lobe dusky to bright yellow with a distinct, narrow white border; other fins pale to dusky yellow; anal and pelvic fins also with narrow white distal margins. 
Habitat: Predominantly a seaward reef species although juveniles have been taken in estuaries; common on mainland reefs but rarely captured in offshore areas. Feeds primarily on other fishes. 
Distribution: Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific. It is commonfound in all Taiwanese waters, but mainly in the south. 
Utility: Marketed fresh, dried or salted. 
Name Code: 381529
  IUCN Red List:LC      
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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Caranx papuensis
Caranx papuensis
ID: 4444 4444 1106 0475 [detail]
© 2006 Moorea Biocode

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Caranx papuensis Alleyne & MacLeay , 1877

Brassy trevally Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Pictures | Google image Image of Caranx papuensis (Brassy trevally) Caranx papuensis
Picture by Koch, R.J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 50 m (Ref. 89972 ).   Tropical; 31°N - 34°S, 26°E - 135°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Zanzibar, Tanzania and South Africa to Caroline and Marquesan islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 88.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710 ); common length : 55.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3287 ); max. published weight: 6.4 kg (Ref. 4699 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 21-23; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 16 - 19. Brassy to yellowish green dorsally, shading to silvery on side with scattered dark spots (becoming more numerous with age), conspicuous silvery white spot just behind upper rear edge of opercle, dusky upper caudal fin lobe, and bright yellow to dusky lower lobe with narrow white border (Ref. 90102 , Ref. 48635 ). Body oblong and compressed; dorsal profile moderately convex to second dorsal fin, ventral profile slightly convex. Breast scaleless ventrally, usually with small patch of prepelvic scales. Adipose eyelid weakly developed. (Ref. 90102 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit lagoon and seaward reefs, occasionally entering rivers. Juveniles found in estuaries. Swims high over bottom (Ref. 48635 ). Solitary or in schools (Ref. 90102 ). Feed primarily on fishes. Excellent food fish (Ref. 12484 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley , 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 09 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


Bio-Quiz | E-book | Field guide | Identification keys | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.5 - 28.8, mean 27.6 (based on 586 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.01108 - 0.02725), b=2.96 (2.83 - 3.09), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.0   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

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