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Carcharhinus altimus (Springer, 1950)
Eulamia altima Springer, 1950

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Carcharhinus altimus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Carcharhinus altimus

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Carcharhinus altimus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Carcharhinus altimus
Carcharhinus altimus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Carcharhinus altimus

Main identification features
  • snout long, pointed
  • 1st dorsal fin high, origin just behind pectoral insertion
  • high crest between 1st dorsal fin and 2nd dorsal fin
  • top front teeth long, triangular, serrated
  • pectoral: long
Snout long, and slightly pointed, the length in front of the mouth 7.5-10.0% of total length; ridge present on back between dorsal fins; origin of first dorsal fin over front corner of pectoral base or behind it to almost as far back as halfway along inner pectoral margin; height of first dorsal 8.3-11.9% of total length; apex of first dorsal bluntly pointed; origin of second dorsal fin behind origin of anal fin; pectoral fin large.

Grey, becoming whitish below; distal ends of all fins except pelvics dusky, with pigment on tips of pectorals darker on underside of fins.

Reaches 300 cm; size at birth 65-80 cm.

Habitat: offshore, bottom living, juveniles shallow water.

Depth: at 25-500 m, usually below 90 m.

Circumglobal distribution in temperate and tropical seas; Baja and the Gulf of California to southern Mexico, Costa Rica to Peru, the Galapagos and Revillagigedos.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ); Antitropical (North and South temperate).
Depth Range Max: 500 m.
Depth Range Min: 25 m.
Diet: octopus/squid/cuttlefish; bony fishes; sharks/rays.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=32; Southern limit=-9; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=41; Longitudinal range=37.
Egg Type: Live birth; No pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans); East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West); Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America); East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West); All Pacific (West + Central + East); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 300 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Eastern Pacific non-endemic; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Brackish; Marine.
Water Column Position: Near Bottom; Water column only;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Bellido-Milln, J.M. and Villavicencio-Garayzar, C.J., 2002., Pesqueria artesanal de tiburon en la region central del Golfo de California. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Len:143-152.
  • Barez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Len:153-170.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., 1999., Checklist of living elasmobranchs. In Hamlett W.C. (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes., The John Hopkins University Press:471-498.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., 1984., Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2. Carcharhiniformes. FAO Species Catalogue., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 4(2):251-655.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versin 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo . Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservacin Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Barez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Springer, S., 1950., A revision of North American sharks allied to the genus Carcharhinus., Amer. Mus. Novit., (1451):1-13.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, Mxico., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/e03c4f9f-7f2e-45b1-9b57-fe5282fc5f13 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/e03c4f9f-7f2e-45b1-9b57-fe5282fc5f13
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » CHONDRICHTHYES (Class) » ELASMOBRANCHII (Subclass) » CARCHARHINIFORMES (Order) » CARCHARHINIDAE (Family) » Carcharhinus Blainville, 1816 (Genus) » Carcharhinus altimus (Springer, 1950)

Species Carcharhinus altimus (Springer, 1950)


Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB : 37018012 Taxon concept Carcharhinus_altimus last modified 2014-03-13 14:41:28.159

Species Carcharhinus altimus (Springer, 1950)

Bignose Shark


Generic Combinations




New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Cape Leeuwin to North West Shelf and northern NSW and QLD; distribution records sparse, particularly from continental slope; tropical, circumglobal.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Northwest Transition (3), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors

Continental shelf, continental slope, inshore, pelagic.

Extra Ecological Information

80–430 m.


General References

Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 . Rome : FAO Vol. 4(2) 251-655 pp. [457]

Compagno, L.J.V., Dando, M. & Fowler, S. 2005. A Field Guide to the Sharks of the World . London : Collins 368 pp. [289]

Compagno, L.J.V. & Niem, V.H. 1998. Family Carcharhinidae. pp. 1312-1360 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 2 687-1396 pp. [1326]

Garrick, J.A.F. 1982. Sharks of the genus Carcharhinus . National Marine Fisheries Service (U.S.). Technical Report 445 : 1-194 figs 1-83

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia . Canberra : CSIRO Australia 513 pp. 84 pls. [230]

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia . Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing Australia 2, 550 pp. [249]

Macbeth, W.G., Vandenberg, M. & Graham, K.J. 2008. Identifying Sharks and Rays; A guide to Commercial Fishers . Sydney : New South Wales Department of Primary Industry pp. 71. [15]


Common Name References

Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 . Rome : FAO Vol. 4(2) 251-655 pp. [457] ( Bignose Shark )

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Bignose Shark )


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
16-Aug-2012 16-Aug-2012 MODIFIED
16-Apr-2012 16-Apr-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Chondrichthyes  
 Order Carcharhiniformes  
 Family Carcharhinidae  
 Genus Carcharhinus  
  Carcharhinus altimus    (Springer, 1950) 
Provider: Pofeng Lee& Shoou-Jeng Joung 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Carcharhinus galapagensis Carcharhinus radamae Carcharinus altimus Carcharinus radamae Eulamia altima   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001); FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world
Character: A large, fairly slender species. Snout moderately long and bluntly pointed to rounded. Eyes large, its length 1.4-2.3% of total length. Anterior nasal flaps rather high, and triangular. Gill slits moderately long, the 3rd 3.1-3.9% of total length and about a third of 1st dorsal fin base. Anteroposterior teeth in each jaw half 14-16/14-15. Upper teeth with broad, strongly serrated, very high cusps that merge into the crown feet. Lower teeth with erect, narrow serrated cusps and tranverse roots. Interdorsal ridge present. Origin of 1st dorsal fin over pectoral insertion to about over midlength of pectoral inner matgins. Second dorsal fin large and high, its height 2.8-3.4% of total length. Origin of 2nd dorsal slightly anterior to anal origin. Total number of vertebral centra 194-206, precaudal centra 101-110. colour light grey above, white below, with dusky fin tips. 
Habitat: A common off-shore bottom-dwelling warm-temperate and tropical shark usually found in depth of 90 m and down to at least 250-430 m. viviparous, number of embryos 3-15 per litter. Maximum size about 300 cm, size of sexual maturity were estimated to be 216  
Distribution: Western Atlantic including Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, Nicaragua, Cost Rica, Venezuela. Eastern North Atlantic including Senegal, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast and Ghana. Mediterranean Sea. Western Indian Ocean including South Africa, Madagascar, India, R 
Utility: This species were taken in the Caribbean region on deep-set longlines, and utilized for fishmeal, oil and shagreen; also taken in bottom trawlers in the western Indian Ocean. 
Name Code: 383067
  IUCN Red List:DD       Marine     
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Carcharhinus&speciesname=altimus ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Carcharhinus&speciesname=altimus
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Carcharhinus&speciesname=altimus ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Carcharhinus-altimus.html

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Carcharhinus altimus (Springer , 1950)

Bignose shark Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Pictures | Google image Image of Carcharhinus altimus (Bignose shark) Carcharhinus altimus
Female picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae (Requiem sharks)
Etymology: Carcharhinus: Greek, karcharos = sharpen + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 12 - 810 m (Ref. 58302 ), usually 80 - 220 m (Ref. 9253 ).   Subtropical; 40°N - 31°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Circumglobal, with patchy records in tropical and warm seas (Ref. 9997 ). Western Atlantic: Florida, USA to Venezuela. Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Ghana, including the Mediterranean. Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Mozambique (Ref. 6871 ), South Africa, Madagascar, and India. Western Pacific: China, Taiwan, and Australia (Ref. 9997 ). Central Pacific: Hawaii. Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California and southern Mexico, Colombia, and Ecuador.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 226.0 , range 205 - 282 cm
Max length : 300 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334 ); common length : 250 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999 ); max. published weight: 167.8 kg (Ref. 40637 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 0. A heavily-bodied, cylindrical shark with a large, long and broad snout, long nasal flaps and high, triangular, saw-edged upper teeth; interdorsal ridge high and prominent; pectoral and dorsal fins large and straight (Ref. 5578 ). Grayish with no conspicuous markings, white below (Ref. 5578 ); inner corners of pectoral fins blackish (Ref. 9997 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found near the edge of the continental and insular shelves and uppermost slopes (Ref. 244 ). Rare in shallow waters (Ref. 9997 ), bottom associated near shelf breaks and drop-offs; young may occur at 25 m (Ref. 58302 ). Feeds on bony fishes, other sharks, stingrays, and cuttlefish (Ref. 244 ). Viviparous (Ref. 50449 ). Utilized for fishmeal, liver oil, and shagreen (Ref. 9997 ). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 244.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Viviparous, placental (Ref. 50449 ). Gives birth every second year with 1-13 (average 9) pups per litter (Ref. 58048 ). In the Mediterranean, sharks give birth in August and September, however in Madagascar, young are born in September and October (Ref. 244 ). Size at birth 60-75 cm (Ref. 6871 ); 70-90 cm TL (Ref.58048). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V. , 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Data deficient (DD)  ; Date assessed: 01 December 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 5485 )

Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GoMexSI (interaction data) | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 13.8 - 26.5, mean 19.9 (based on 875 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00182 - 0.00604), b=3.12 (2.97 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.5   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=1-13;). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Very high vulnerability (76 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Carpenter, Kent E. Modified by Casal, Christine Marie V. Fish Forum
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