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Carcharhinus brachyurus (Günther, 1870)
BRONZE WHALER
Black-tipped Whaler; Bronze Whaler Shark; Bronzie; Cocktail; Cocktail Shark; Copper Shark; Eulamia brachyura Günther, 1870; Galeolamna ahena Stead, 1938; Galeolamna brachyurus Günther, 1870; Galeolamnoides brachyurus Günther, 1870; Carcharinus brachyurus Günther, 1870; Galeolamna greyi Owen, 1853; Eulamia ahenea Stead, 1938; Carcharias brachyurus Günther, 1870; Narrowtooth Shark

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Carcharhinus brachyurus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Carcharhinus brachyurus

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Carcharhinus brachyurus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Carcharhinus brachyurus
Carcharhinus brachyurus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Carcharhinus brachyurus
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Overview
Main identification features
  • slender; snout rounded
  • 1st dorsal fin : high, origin over rear edge pectoral
  • top teeth narrow, hooked
  • pectoral: long, straight
Body slender; snout rounded, its length = to or < width of mouth but > distance between nostrils; nasal orifices small and well separated; round eye; spiracle absent; upper front teeth narrow and hooked, with finely serrated points; 5 short gill slits, last 2 over pectoral fin base; first dorsal high, front edge straight, origin over or just behind rear edge of pectoral; second dorsal moderately high, origin over anal origin; pectoral long, straight; no raised crest on back between dorsal fins; tail strongly asymmetrical, with well developed lower lobe, undulating ridge along dorsal surface of top lobe, and a ventral notch near tip of that lobe; notch on top of tail base; distinct bulge on top of base of tail fin.

Dark grey-brown above, belly whitish; tips of pelvics and tips and rear borders of pectorals dark to blackish.

Size: 325 cm.

Habitat: inshore to offshore, continental, from surfline deeper.

Depth: 0-360 m.

Circumglobal; California to the Gulf of California and central Mexico, the Revillagigedos, Peru.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos).
Depth Range Max: 360 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: octopus/squid/cuttlefish; bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=33; Southern limit=-9; Western limit=-118; Eastern limit=-79; Latitudinal range=42; Longitudinal range=39.
Egg Type: Live birth; No pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans); East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West); East Pacific + East (not West) Atlantic; TEP non-endemic; West + East Pacific (but not Central); "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Offshore; In & Offshore.
IUCN Red List: Near threatened; Listed.
Length Max: 325 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; California + Peruvian provinces, primarily; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Bottom; Near Surface; Surface; Water column only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Bellido-Milln, J.M. and Villavicencio-Garayzar, C.J., 2002., Pesqueria artesanal de tiburon en la region central del Golfo de California. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Len:143-152.
  • Barez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Len:153-170.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., 1999., Checklist of living elasmobranchs. In Hamlett W.C. (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes., The John Hopkins University Press:471-498.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., 1984., Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2. Carcharhiniformes. FAO Species Catalogue., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 4(2):251-655.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versin 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo . Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservacin Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Gnther, A., 1870., Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Gymnotidae, Symbranchidae, Muraenidae, Pegasidae, and of the Lophobranchii, Plectognathi, Dipnoi, ...[thru] ... Leptocardii, in the British Museum., Brithish Museum (Natural History)8:1-549.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Barez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Bollman, C.H., 1890., Descriptions of new species of fishes collected at the Galapagos Islands and along the coast of the United States of Colombia, 1887-88, by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer 'Albatross'., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 12:149-183.
  • Jordan, D.S., 1895., The fishes of Sinaloa., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2), 5:377-514.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacn y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacfico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1923., The marine fishes of Panama. Part I., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:1-330.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, Mxico., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Walker, B. W. and Baldwin, W. J., 1964., Provisional check list of fishes of the Revillagigedo islands., 18 pp.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/d304ef9f-6d07-4e49-82be-65e466b17c23 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/d304ef9f-6d07-4e49-82be-65e466b17c23
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

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Species Carcharhinus brachyurus (Günther, 1870)

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CAAB : 37018001 Taxon concept Carcharhinus_brachyurus last modified 2014-03-13 14:41:28.159

Species Carcharhinus brachyurus (Günther, 1870)

Bronze Whaler , Black-tipped Whaler, Bronze Whaler Shark, Bronzie, Cocktail, Cocktail Shark, Copper Shark

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

 

Generic Combinations

 

Miscellaneous Literature Names

 

Introduction

In 2003, Carcharhinus brachyurus was listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN.

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

Moreton Bay, QLD to Geraldton, WA; numerous observational records indicate a much broader distribution, particularly from offshore areas in Queensland and Western Australia, but these records are unconfirmed and probably based on more than one species; temperate, circumglobal (except central Pacific), antitropical.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Great Australian Bight Shelf Transition (32), Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35), Tasmanian Shelf Province (36), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38)

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Continental shelf, inshore, marine, pelagic.

Extra Ecological Information

Surface to 100 m.

 

General References

Coleman, N. 1980. Australian Sea Fishes South of 30ºS . Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 309 pp. [26]

Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 . Rome : FAO Vol. 4(2) 251-655 pp. [464]

Compagno, L.J.V., Dando, M. & Fowler, S. 2005. A Field Guide to the Sharks of the World . London : Collins 368 pp. [292]

Compagno, L.J.V. & Niem, V.H. 1998. Family Carcharhinidae. pp. 1312-1360 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 2 687-1396 pp. [1331]

Garrick, J.A.F. 1982. Sharks of the genus Carcharhinus . National Marine Fisheries Service (U.S.). Technical Report 445 : 1-194 figs 1-83

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers . Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. [24]

Kailola, P.J., Williams, M.J., Stewart, P.C., Reichelt, R.E., McNee, A. & Grieve, C. 1993. Australian Fisheries Resources . Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation 422 pp. [193]

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia . Canberra : CSIRO Australia 513 pp. 84 pls. [235]

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia . Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing Australia 2, 550 pp. [254]

Macbeth, W.G., Vandenberg, M. & Graham, K.J. 2008. Identifying Sharks and Rays; A guide to Commercial Fishers . Sydney : New South Wales Department of Primary Industry pp. 71. [25]

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20 : 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [9] (59, as Carcharhinus greyi greyi and p. 10, 66, as C. ahena )

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [19]

Stevens, J.D. 1994. Families Carcharhinidae, Triakidae, Scyliorhinidae. pp. 120-138 figs 76-107 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast . Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. [121]

White, W. 2008. Shark Families Heterodontidae to Pristiophoridae. pp. 32-100 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast . Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. [68]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89 (1): 11-127 [33] (46, as Galeolamna greyi, in part and 49, as Galeolamna ahenea )

 

Common Name References

Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 . Rome : FAO Vol. 4(2) 251-655 pp. [464] (FAO) (Copper Shark)

Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast . Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. [122] (Black-tipped Whaler, Bronzie, Cocktail)

Haling, G., Kennedy, T., Last, P. & Palmer, R. 1988. Recommended Marketing Names for Fish . Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service 238 pp. [149] ( Bronze Whaler )

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. [12] ( Bronze Whaler )

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia . Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp. [105] (Cocktail Shark)

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20 : 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [10] (Bronze Whaler Shark)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Bronze Whaler )

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
16-Aug-2012 16-Aug-2012 MODIFIED
16-Apr-2012 16-Apr-2012 MODIFIED
29-Jul-2011 MODIFIED

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Chondrichthyes  
 Order Carcharhiniformes  
 Family Carcharhinidae  
 Genus Carcharhinus  
  Carcharhinus brachyurus    (Günther, 1870) 
Provider: Pofeng Lee& Shoou-Jeng Joung 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Carcharhinus acarenatus Carcharhinus ahenea Carcharhinus improvisus Carcharhinus remotoides Carcharhinus remotus Carcharhinus rochensis Carcharias brachyurus Carcharias lamiella Carcharias remotus Eulamia ahenea Galeolamna ahenea details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 中國動物誌-圓口綱及軟骨魚綱(朱等, 2001); FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world
Character: A large, fairly slender species. Snout moderately long and narrowly rounded or pointed. Eyes length 1.1-2.2% of total length. Gill slits moderately long, the 3rd 2.5-4.1% of total length and less than a half of 1st dorsal fin base. Rows of anteroposterior teeth in each jaw half 14-16/14-15. upper teeth with narrow, serrated, high bent cusps, and crown feet with slightly coarser serrations but no cusplets. Lower teeth with semierect, narrow serrated cusps and transverse roots. Interdorsal ridge absent usually. Origin of first dorsal fin over or slightly anterior to pectoral rear tips. Second dorsal fin small and fairly low, its height 1.9-2.6% of total length, its inner margin short and 1.2-1.8 times its height. Origin of 2nd dorsal fin over or slightly posterior to anal origin. Total vertebral centra 179-203, precaudal centra 96-110. Colour bronzy to olive grey above, white below, a moderately prominent white band on flank. 
Habitat: An inshore to offshore, warm-temperate shark, occurring from the sea surface to at least 100m depth. Viviparous species, with a yolk-sac placenta. Number of embryos 13-20 per litter. Sex ratio of embryos is 1:1. Age of sexual maturity of this species whic 
Distribution: Western Atlantic including Mexico, Gulf of Mexico, southern Brazil to Argentina. Eastern Atlantic including Mediterranean Sea, off France and Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania, Canary Islands, Guinea, Namibia to South Africa. Western Indian Ocean including Sou 
Utility: This species is taken in bottom trawlers, line gear, and by spots anglers. This species were caught by longline fisheries in northeastern Taiwan waters but not very common. Flesh is utilized for human consumption. 
Name Code: 383069
  IUCN Red List:NT      
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