was listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN.
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia
Extra Distribution Information
Walpole, WA (ca 35°06'S, 116°49'E) to Jervis Bay, NSW; tropical, temperate, Atlantic-Indo-west Pacific.
Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)
FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world
A large, slender species. Size up to about 2.8 m. Snout long and pointed. Eyes small, 1.1-2% of total length. Rows of anteroposterior teeth in each jaw half 15-18/14-17. Upper teeth with narrow, finely serrated, long cusps, and crown feet with serrations but no cusplets. Lower teeth with erect, smooth-edged narrow cusps and transverse roots. Interdorsal ridge absent. First dorsal fin small, its origin usually over or slightly posterior to pectoral free rear tip, inner margin of 1st dorsal fin short, a third of dorsal base or slightly less. Second dorsal fin moderately large, its height 1.8-2.6% of total length, its inner margin short and 1.4-1.9 times its height. Origin of 2nd dorsal fin over or usually slightly behind anal fin origin. Total vertebral centra 155-185, precaudal centra 84-96. Black tips usually present on pectorals, 2nd dorsal, anal and ventral caudal lobe. A conspicuous white band on flanks.
A common coastal-pelagic, warm-temperate and tropical shark species. Ranging close inshore and offshore. Spinner shark is a schooling, active species. Viviparous, with a yolk-placenta, number of embryos 3-15, with larger females carrying more young. Gesta
Western Atlantic including northern Carolina to Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, northern Gulf of Mexico, British Guiana, southern Brazil. Eastern Atlantic including Mediterranean, Cape Verde Islands, Senegal, Guinea and Sierra Leone, Togo and Nigeria, Angola. Ind
Commonly caught in fisheries where found, with pelagic longlines, fixed bottom nets, and on hook-and-line. This species also distributed in northeastern Taiwan waters and fished by longline fisheries.
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Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) >
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Greek, karcharos = sharpen + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref.
Named after André Capart, head of the Belgian Oceanographic Expedition in the south Atlantic (Ref.
. More on authors:
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; oceanodromous (Ref.
); depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref.
), usually 0 - ? m (Ref.
). Subtropical; 40°N - 38°S, 100°W - 155°E (Ref.
: 0. A slender shark with a long, narrow, pointed snout, long gill slits and small, narrow-cusped teeth; first dorsal fin small; no interdorsal ridge; labial furrows longer than in any other grey shark (Ref.
). Grey above, white below, with a conspicuous white band on sides; second dorsal, anal, undersides of pectorals and lower caudal-fin lobe black or dark grey-tipped in subadults and adults, but unmarked or nearly so in small individuals (Ref.
Found on the continental and insular shelves from close inshore to offshore (Ref.
). Makes vertical spinning leaps out of the water as a feeding technique in which the sharks spins through a school of small fish with an open mouth and then breaks the surface (Ref.
). Feeds mainly on pelagic bony fishes, also small sharks, cuttlefish, squids, and octopi (Ref.
). Viviparous (Ref.
). Forms schools (Ref.
). Highly migratory off Florida and Louisiana and in the Gulf of Mexico (Ref.
). Regularly caught in fisheries where found (Ref.
). Utilized fresh and dried salted for human consumption (Ref.
). Fins probably used in the oriental shark fin trade, and livers for vitamin oil production (Ref.
, 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 22 - 29, mean 27.4 (based on 3950 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00239 - 0.00605), b=3.07 (2.94 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 4.2 ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 5.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=3).
): High vulnerability (62 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Carpenter, Kent E.
Casal, Christine Marie V.
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