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Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827)
Northern Whaler Shark; Sand Shark; Thickskin Shark; Carcharhinus dorsalis Whhitley, 1944; Carcharhinus stevensi Ogilby, 1911; Carcharias plumbeus Nardo, 1827; Eulamia dorsalis Whitley, 1944; Eulamia plumbea Nardo, 1827; Eulamia stevensi Ogilby, 1911; Galeolamna stevensi Ogilby, 1911; Galeolamna dorsalis Whitley, 1944; Squalus plumbeus Nardo, 1827

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Carcharhinus plumbeus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Carcharhinus plumbeus

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Carcharhinus plumbeus
© Copyright John Rangall, 2006 · 0
Carcharhinus plumbeus
Carcharhinus plumbeus
© Copyright John Rangall, 2006 · 0
Carcharhinus plumbeus

Carcharhinus plumbeus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Carcharhinus plumbeus

Main identification features
  • 1st dorsal fin : very high, origin before pectoral insertion
  • crest between ds
Body medium build; snout round, short; nasal opening small and well separated nasal folds low, not very evident; round eye; spiracle absent; upper front teeth broadly triangular and finely serrated; 5 gill slits, last 2 over pectoral fin base; first dorsal very high (height~1/2 length before D fin), triangular, origin over rear of base pectoral; origin of second dorsal over anal origin; pectoral long, and wide, tip pointed to rounded; prominent crest between dorsal fins; tail fin strongly asymmetrical, with well developed lower lobe, undulating ridge along dorsal surface of top lobe, and a ventral notch near tip of that lobe; notch on top of tail base.

Grey above, belly whitish.

Size: 250 cm.

Habitat: inshore and offshore, coastal pelagic, demersal over sandy and muddy bottoms, bay mouths, river mouths.

Depth: 0-1800 m.

Circumtropical; there are reports from the Galapagos and the Revillagigedos, however there are no known specimens from our region.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 1800 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: bony fishes; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; octopus/squid/cuttlefish; sharks/rays.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=20; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-90; Latitudinal range=22; Longitudinal range=25.
Egg Type: Live birth; No pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Bentho-Pelagic.
Global Endemism: Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans); East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West); Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America); East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West); All Pacific (West + Central + East); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Corals; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Water column; Reef and soft bottom; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Estuary; Reef (rock &/or coral).
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Offshore; In & Offshore.
IUCN Red List: Near threatened; Listed.
Length Max: 250 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s) only; Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Vagrant.
Salinity: Brackish; Marine.
Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Bottom; Bottom + water column; Bottom;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:153-170.
  • Compagno , L. J. V. and Cook, S. F., 1995., The exploitation and conservation of freshwater elasmobranchs: status of taxa and prospects for the future., Journal of Aquariculture and Aquatic Sciences, 7:62-90.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., 1999., Checklist of living elasmobranchs. In Hamlett W.C. (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes., The John Hopkins University Press:471-498.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., 1984., Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2. Carcharhiniformes. FAO Species Catalogue., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 4(2):251-655.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Nardo,., 1827., Prodromus observationum et disquisitionum Adriaticae ichthyologiae., Giorn. Fisica Chimica Storia Nat. Med. Arti, Pavia, 10:22-40.


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