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Cephalopholis aitha Randall and Heemstra, 1991
RUSTY HIND
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Serranidae   Cephalopholis


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Cephalopholis aitha, Rusty hind
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Cephalopholis aitha Randall & Heemstra , 1991

Rusty hind Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cephalopholis aitha   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Cephalopholis aitha (Rusty hind) Cephalopholis aitha
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Serranoidei (Groupers) > Epinephelidae (Groupers)
Etymology: Cephalopholis: Greek, kephale = head + Greek, pholis = scale (Ref. 45335 ) .
More on authors: Randall & Heemstra .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 5 - 33 m (Ref. 5222 ). Tropical; 20°N - 12°S, 111°E - 149°E (Ref. 5222 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Philippines, Indonesia (Sulawesi, Flores), and Papua New Guinea.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. ); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 8. Similar to the more common Cephalopholis spiloparaea but lacks banding in the caudal fin (Ref. 48635 ); characterized further by reddish brown color; base of pelvic fins with indistinct dark blotch; greatest body depth 2.5-2.9 in SL; rounded caudal fin; short pelvic fins, 2.3-2.5 in head length; strongly bilobed margin of front of upper lip (Ref. 90102 ); head length 2.1-2.3 times in SL; rounded preopercle, posterior edge finely serrate, lower edge fleshy; very convex upper edge of operculum; maxilla extends past eye; teeth large; midlateral-body scales ctenoid (Ref. 89707 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits protected or silty reef areas (Ref. 89707 ). Reported to be very habitat speciific, lives in very rich invertebrate habitat in the shore side of inner reefs and difficult to get shots u/w. Largest seen was about 25 cm, but usually smaller up to about 20 cm (R. Kuiter, pers. Comm. 03/2022). Maximum length given 40 cm TL (for confirmation) May undergo protogyny. Solitary (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall , 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 18 November 2016

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

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Common names
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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201 ): 28 - 29.1, mean 28.5 °C (based on 68 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00590 - 0.02687), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.0   ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100). Nutrients (Ref. 124155 ):  Calcium = 47.3 [25.4, 82.5] mg/100g; Iron = 0.488 [0.263, 0.915] mg/100g; Protein = 18.7 [16.9, 20.4] %; Omega3 = 0.16 [0.10, 0.26] g/100g; Selenium = 33.2 [15.9, 57.7] μg/100g; VitaminA = 108 [37, 349] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.835 [0.594, 1.369] mg/100g (wet weight);

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Updated: 2024-07-23 09:36:15 gmt
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