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Cephalopholis boenak (Bloch, 1790)
BROWNBARRED ROCKCOD
Brown-banded Cod; Brown-banded Rock-cod; Brown-banded Rockcod; Brown-barred Rockcod; Chocolate Hind; Cephalopholis pachycentron Valenciennes, 1828; Cephalopholis boenack Bloch, 1790; Serranus pachycentron Valenciennes, 1828; Serranus stigmapomus Richardson, 1846; Serranus boenak Bloch, 1790

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Serranidae   Cephalopholis


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Cephalopholis boenak, Chocolate hind : fisheries, aquarium

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Cephalopholis boenak ( Bloch , 1790 )

Chocolate hind Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cephalopholis boenak   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei (Groupers) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Cephalopholis: Greek, kephale = head + Greek, pholis = scale (Ref. 45335 ) .
More on author: Bloch .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 64 m, usually 4 - 30 m (Ref. 90102 ). Tropical; 32°N - 32°S, 29°E - 171°E (Ref. 5222 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Kenya to southern Mozambique eastward to the western Pacific. Reported from the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819 ). Not reported from oceanic islands in the Indian Ocean, except for Aldabra, Comoros, Madagascar, and the Andaman and Lakshadweep islands. Unknown from the Red Sea, Persian Gulf, and from the islands of Micronesia except for Palau. Record from Rodriguez by Heemstra & Randall (1984, Ref. 3153) could not be verified and is probably erroneous (Ref. 33390 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 12.2 , range 8 - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635 ); max. reported age: 11 years (Ref. 45317 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 8. Brownish to greenish grey with dusky vertical bands over the body. White margins and black sub-margins on the median fins (Ref. 48635 ). Preopercle rounded, very finely serrate; no enlarged spines at angle, lower edge fleshy; characterized further by having ctenoid scales on body including abdomen; greatest depth of body 2.6-3.1 in SL; rounded caudal fin; pelvic fins not usually reaching anus, 1.6-2.1 in head length (Ref. 90102 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Mainly a coastal species (Ref. 48635 ). Inhabits silty dead reefs in protected waters. May also be seen on live coral (Ref. 089707 ). Secretive (Ref. 37816 ). Feeds mainly on fish (Ref. 30531 ) and crustaceans (Ref. 089707 ). Courtship and pair spawning were observed by Donaldson (1989, Ref. 6900). Diandric protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 45317 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall , 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 16 November 2016

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial FAO - Fisheries: landings ; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Fisheries: landings ; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201 ): 24.7 - 29.1, mean 28.1 °C (based on 1414 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.01052 - 0.01577), b=3.04 (3.01 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.1   ±0.6 se; based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1-2). Prior r = 0.38, 95% CL = 0.25 - 0.57, Based on 4 stock assessments. Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100). Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649 ):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100). Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high . Nutrients (Ref. 124155 ):  Calcium = 60.4 [34.1, 104.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.714 [0.387, 1.232] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.5, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.177 [0.107, 0.284] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.9 [20.9, 63.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 156 [57, 457] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.883 [0.619, 1.480] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.

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