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Cephalopholis nigri (Gunther, 1859)
NIGER HIND
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Serranidae   Cephalopholis

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Cephalopholis nigri (Günther , 1859)

Niger hind Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cephalopholis nigri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Cephalopholis nigri (Niger hind) Cephalopholis nigri
Picture by Wirtz, P.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Cephalopholis: Greek, kephale = head + Greek, pholis = scale (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Günther .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range ? - 100 m (Ref. 26999 ), usually ? - 50 m (Ref. 57293 ).   Tropical; 30°N - 14°S, 18°W - 13°E (Ref. 5222 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Lobito, Angola, including the Canary Islands (Tenerife).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57293 ); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-15; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 8. Diagnosis: depth of body 2.8-3.0 in SL; head length 2.5-2.6 in SL; eye diameter greater than interorbital width, eye diameter 4.6-5.5 in HL; flat interorbital area; rounded preopercle, finely serrate, lower edge fleshy; subopercle and interopercle smooth; convex upper edge of operculum; maxilla scaly, reaching well past eye; lateral-body scales ctenoid, without auxiliary scales (Ref. 89707 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs on mud (Ref. 5222 ), sand, and rock bottoms (Ref. 5222 , 57293 ) in coastal waters, usually above 50 m depth (Ref. 57293 ). Exceptionally enters brackish lagoons and estuaries (Ref. 57293 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall , 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 27 March 2018

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 19.2 - 27.9, mean 25.8 (based on 80 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00576 - 0.02626), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.1   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .

Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily Modified by Musschoot, Tobias Fish Forum
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