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Cephalopholis spiloparaea (Valenciennes, 1828)
STRAWBERRY ROCKCOD
Orange Rock-cod; Strawberry Cod; Strawberry Hind; Cephalopholis analis Valenciennes, 1828; Cephalopholis aurantius Valenciennes, 1828; Enneacentrus aurantius Valenciennes, 1828; Serranus spiloparaeus Valenciennes, 1828

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Serranidae   Cephalopholis


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Cephalopholis spiloparaea, Strawberry hind : fisheries, gamefish
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Cephalopholis spiloparaea ( Valenciennes , 1828 )

Strawberry hind Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cephalopholis spiloparaea   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos | Google image Image of Cephalopholis spiloparaea (Strawberry hind) Cephalopholis spiloparaea
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei (Groupers) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Cephalopholis: Greek, kephale = head + Greek, pholis = scale (Ref. 45335 ) .
More on author: Valenciennes .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 15 - 108 m (Ref. 9710 ), usually 30 - 108 m (Ref. 9710 ). Tropical; 32°N - 30°S, 40°E - 131°W (Ref. 5222 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Pinda, Mozambique (15°S) to French Polynesia and the Pitcairn Group, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Heron Island at the southern end of the Great Barrier Reef. Often misidentified as Cephalopholis aurantia (or as Cephalopholis analis , a junior synonym of Cephalopholis aurantia ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-16; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 9 - 10. Characterized by pinkish red to pale reddish orange color; mottling of darker red to brownish red; median fins with narrow blue marginal stripe; body scales ctenoid, cycloid scales ventroanteriorly on abdomen; greatest depth of body 2.7-3.2 in SL; rounded caudal fin; pelvic fins 1.9-2.2 in head length (Ref. 90102 ); eyes large, diameter about twice the depth of the preorbital; interorbital area flat; rounded preopercle, very finely serrate, shallow notch, fleshy lower edge; smooth or with serrae subopercle and interopercle; scaly maxilla, reaching to or well beyond vertical at rear edge of eye (Ref. 089707 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Perhaps the most common grouper on Indo-Pacific coral reefs found below 40 m. The species is only known from insular localities except those collected from Pinda, Mozambique. Feeds on crabs and other crustaceans (Ref. 89972 ). The small size (<22 cm TL) and deep-water habitat of this species makes it less vulnerable to fishing (Ref. 58472 ). Solitary (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall , 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 20 March 2017

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

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Ecology
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Common names
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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201 ): 21.2 - 28.1, mean 26 °C (based on 411 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00918 - 0.02614), b=3.08 (2.94 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.1   ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100). Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high . Nutrients (Ref. 124155 ):  Calcium = 61 [35, 106] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.707 [0.382, 1.221] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.5, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.18 [0.11, 0.29] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.9 [20.8, 63.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 163 [60, 492] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.869 [0.609, 1.459] mg/100g (wet weight);

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Updated: 2022-10-06 16:29:25 gmt
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