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Chaetodon lunula (Lacépède, 1802)
RACOON BUTTERFLYFISH
Racoon Coralfish; Red-striped Butterfly-fish; Pomacentrus lunula Lacépède, 1802; Raccoon Butterflyfish; Racoon Butterfly

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Chaetodontidae   Chaetodon

Chaetodon lunula
© Copyright John Rangall, 2006 · 0
Chaetodon lunula

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  • Australian Faunal Directory
  • FishBase

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Overview
Main identification features
  • head: black and white bars
  • shoulder: oblique bars
  • tail fin base: dark spot
Racoon butterflyfish

Body a strongly compressed oval disc; mouth small, at end of pointed snout, snout short, ~2X eye diameter; teeth long and slender; lateral line ends under dorsal fin; scales rough, covering head body and dorsal and anal fins; dorsal rays XI-XIII, 22-25; A III, 17-19; pectoral 15-16; 35-44 lateral line scales.

Body and fins bright yellow, shading to brown on upper back; a black bar from forehead through eye, with white bar immediately behind; an oblique black bar angled from upper edge of opercle to back of spiny dorsal; thin oblique brown lines on lower body; a black bar from soft dorsal onto tail base.

Size: 20 cm.

Habitat: rocky and coral reefs.

Depth: 1-30 m.

Indo-Pacific; vagrant in the Galapagos and Cocos.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 30 m.
Depth Range Min: 1 m.
Diet: benthic microalgae; mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; hard corals; sessile worms.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=6; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-93; Eastern limit=-87; Latitudinal range=8; Longitudinal range=6.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Omnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Corals; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 20 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s) only; Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Vagrant.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Near Bottom; Bottom + water column;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
  • Lacepède, B. G. E., 1802., Histoire naturelle des poissons., Histoire Naturelle Des Poissons, 4:i-xliv + 1-728.
  • Smith , M. M. and Heemstra, P., 1986., Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg: Macmillan South Africa. 1047 pp., Macmillan South Africa:1047pp.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Updated: 2024-04-22 15:30:47 gmt
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