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Chanos chanos (Forsskål, 1775)
MILKFISH
Bandang; Bangos; Bukkariba; Buruna; Giant Herring; Milk-fish; Moreton Bay Salmon; Salmon Herring; Chanos arabicus Lacépède, 1803; Mugil chanos Forsskål, 1775

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Chanidae   Chanos

Chanos chanos
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Chanos chanos

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Overview
Main identification features
  • eye large
  • silver
  • tail fin large, forked
  • mouth small, at front
  • pectoral and pelvic black
  • pelvic under d
Milkfish

Body elongate, moderately compressed; head pointed; eye large; mouth small, at front, without teeth; dorsal at midbody; pelvics under dorsal; anal small, well behind dorsal; scales small, smooth; lateral line present, straight, entire length of body; large forked tail.

Silvery; upper (inner) surfaces of pectoral and pelvic fins black.

Size: 180 cm.

Habitat: soft bottoms to the surface.

Depth: 0-15 m.

An Indo-Pacific species that extends into the eastern Pacific. Southern California to the central Gulf of California to Peru, Clipperton, Cocos, the Galapagos and Malpelo.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 15 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: zooplankton; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic worms; benthic microalgae; pelagic fish larvae; pelagic fish eggs.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=33; Southern limit=-12; Western limit=-118; Eastern limit=-76; Latitudinal range=45; Longitudinal range=42.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Herbivore; Omnivore; Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Bentho-Pelagic.
Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Estuary; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Sand & gravel; Reef (rock &/or coral); Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Reef and soft bottom; Water column; Corals.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 180 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Eastern Pacific non-endemic; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Brackish; Marine.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Mid Water; Surface; Bottom + water column;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1994., Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific., Crawford House Press Pty Ltd:1-332.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1997., An Annotated Checklist of the fishes of Clipperton Atoll, Tropical Eastern Pacific., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 45:813-843.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castri-Aguirre, J.L., Espinoza-Pérez, H. and Schmitter-Soto, J.J., 2002., Lista sitemática, biogeográfica y ecológica de la ictiofauna estuarino lagunar y vicaria de México. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:117-142.
  • Castro-Aguirre , J. L. and Balart, E. F., 1997., Contribución al conocimiento de la ictiofauna de fondos blandos y someros de la Ensenada de La Paz y Bahía de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:139-150.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L., 1999., Ictiofauna estuarino-lagunar y vicaria de México., Editorial Limusa S.A. de C.V.: 1-629pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Forsskål, P., 1775., Descriptiones animalium avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium; quae in itinere orientali observavit... Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Hauniae., Descr. Animalium, :1-164.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan, D.S., 1895., The fishes of Sinaloa., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2), 5:377-514.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • Molina, L., Danulat, E., Oviedo, M., González, J.A., 2004., Guía de especies de interés pesquero en la Reserva Marina de Galápagos., Fundación Charles Darwin / Agencia Espeñola de Cooperación Internacional / Dirección Parque Nacional Galápagos, 115pp.
  • Ramírez Rodríguez, M., 1997., Producción pesquera en la Bahía de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:273-282.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
  • Robertson , D.R. and Allen, G.A., 1996., Zoogeography of the shorefish fauna of Clipperton Atoll., Coral Reefs, 15:121-131.
  • Rosenblatt , R.H. , McCosker , J.E. and Rubinoff, I., 1972., Indo-west Pacific fishes from the Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama., Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 234:18pp.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Vega, A.J., Villareal, N., 2003., Peces asociados a arrecifes y manglares en el Parque Nacional Coiba., Tecnociencia, 5:65-76.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/eb7d5ece-9277-43c3-af45-6c526aa02049 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/eb7d5ece-9277-43c3-af45-6c526aa02049
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » OSTARIOPHYSI (Superorder) » GONORHYNCHIFORMES (Order) » CHANIDAE (Family) » Chanos Lacépède, 1803 (Genus) » Chanos chanos (ForsskÃ¥l, 1775)

Species Chanos chanos (Forsskål, 1775)

Museums

Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB : 37142001 Taxon concept Chanos_chanos last modified 2017-05-31 10:56:50.278

Species Chanos chanos (Forsskål, 1775)

Milkfish , Bandang, Bangos, Bukkariba, Buruna, Giant Herring, Milk-fish, Milkfish, Moreton Bay Salmon, Salmon Herring


Compiler and date details

20 April 2011 - Dianne J. Bray, John R. Paxton, J.E. Gates & Douglass F. Hoese

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

 

Generic Combinations

  • Chanos chanos (ForsskÃ¥l, 1775).

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

Fremantle, WA (32°05´S) to Jervis Bay, NSW (35°S), Norfolk and Lord Howe islands, and Cocos (Keeling) and Christmas islands, also Boigu (9°S, 142°E) and Horn Island (11°S, 142°E). Although a specimen in the Ichthyology Collection at Museum Victoria was supposedly collected from Port Phillp Bay, VIC, in 1894, it is presumed to have been collected elsewhere. Tropical, Indo-west Pacific.


Note that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur. The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)

IBRA

NSW, NT, Qld, WA: Arnhem Coast (ARC), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Central Arnhem (CA), Carnarvon (CAR), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Darwin Coastal (DAC), Dampierland (DL), Geraldton Sandplains (GS), Gulf Coastal (GUC), Gulf Plains (GUP), Northern Kimberley (NK), NSW North Coast (NNC), Pilbara (PIL), Sydney Basin (SB), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Swan Coastal Plain (SWA), Tiwi Cobourg (TIW), Victoria Bonaparte (VB), Wet Tropics (WT), Yalgoo (YAL)

IMCRA

Lord Howe Province (14), Central Eastern Transition (15), Norfolk Island Province (21), Cocos (Keeling) Island Province (22), Christmas Island Province (23), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Other Regions

Torres Strait Islands terrestrial, marine & freshwater

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • New South Wales: Central E coast, Lower E coast
    • Northern Territory: Gulf of Carpentaria, N coast
    • Queensland: Central E coast, Gulf of Carpentaria, NE coast
    • Western Australia: Central W coast, Lower W coast, N coast, NW coast

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Detritivore, estuary, freshwater, herbivore, inshore, marine.

 

General References

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia . Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. [50]

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia . Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. [335]

Bagarinao, T. 1994. Systematics, distribution, genetics, and life history of milkfish. Environmental Biology of Fishes 39 : 23-41 [23]

Bagarinao, T. 1999. Ecology and Farming of Milkfish . Iliolo, Philippines : SEAFDEC Agriculture Department 153 pp.

Bagarinao, T. 1999. Family Chanidae. pp. 1822-1824 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068. [1824]

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes . Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. [118]

Hobbs, J.-P.A., Ayling, A.M., Choat, J.H., Gilligan, J.J., McDonald, C.A., Neilson, J. & Newman, S.J. 2010. New records of marine fishes illustrate the biogeographic importance of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 2422 : 63–68

Larson, H.K. 1996. Family Chanidae: Milkfish. pp. 48 in McDowall, R.M. (ed.). Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia . Sydney : Reed Books 247 pp. [48]

McCulloch, A.R. 1930. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5 (1–4): 1-534 [42]

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20 : 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [28] (194)

Paxton, J.R., Gates, J.E. & Hoese, D.F. 2006. Chanidae. pp. 340-341 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In , Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35 . Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [340]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [48]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89 (1): 11-127 [35] (209)

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook . Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp. [181]

 

Common Name References

Allen, G.R. 1982. Inland Fishes of Western Australia . Perth : Western Australian Museum 86 pp. 6 figs 20 pls. [63] (Milkfish)

Bagarinao, T. 1999. Family Chanidae. pp. 1822-1824 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068. [1822] ( Milkfish )

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes . Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. [85] (Giant Herring, Moreton Bay Salmon)

McDowall, R.M. (ed.) 1980. Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia . Sydney : A.H. & A.W. Reed 208 pp., figs, 32 pls. [52] (Bandang, Bangos)

Roughley, T.C. 1957. Fish and Fisheries of Australia . Sydney : Angus & Robertson 341 pp. [8] (Milk-fish)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Milkfish )

Whitley, G.P. 1936. Australia: Linguistics. Mankind 2 (2): 42-43 [42] (Bukkariba, Buruna)

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook . Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp. [181] (Salmon Herring)

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
01-Feb-2013 01-Feb-2013 MODIFIED
24-May-2011 21-Mar-2012 MODIFIED
23-May-2011 MODIFIED

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Last modified: Wednesday, 31 May 2017 10:56:50 AM AEST

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Gonorhynchiformes  
 Family Chanidae  
 Genus Chanos  
  Chanos chanos    (ForsskÃ¥l, 1775) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Butirinus argenteus Channo chanos Chanos arabicus Chanos chloropterus Chanos cyprinella Chanos indicus Chanos lubina Chanos mento Chanos mossambicus Chanos nuchalis Chanos orientalis details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 中國動物誌-鱘形目; 海鰱目; 鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)
Character: Body elongate, moderately compressed. Eye covered by adipose tissue. Mouth small, terminal, without teeth. Branchiostegal rays only 4. Gill rakers fine and numerous. Fins without spines; dorsal fin with 13 to 17 rays, about midpoint of body; anal fin short, with 9 to 11 rays, close to caudal fin; caudal fin large and deeply forked. Scales small and smooth, 75 to 91 on lateral line. Body silvery on belly and sides, grading to olive-green or blue on back; dorsal, anal, and caudal fins with dark margin; peritoneum black. 
Habitat: Adults occur in small to large schools near the coasts or around islands where reefs are well developed. Eggs and larvae are pelagic up to 2-3 weeks. Older larvae migrate onshore and settle in coastal wetlands (mangroves, estuaries) during the juvenile st 
Distribution: Widely distributed in Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and South Africa to Hawaii and the Marquesas, north to Japan, south to Victoria, Australia. And Eastern Pacific from San Pedro, California to the Galapagos. It is a very common species in Taiwan, especially  
Utility: Marketed fresh, smoked, canned and frozen, or made into fish balls. 
Name Code: 381130
  IUCN Red List:LC      
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase  
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chanos+chanos&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Chanos+chanos&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

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Chanos chanos
Chanos chanos
ID: 4444 4444 1106 0450 [detail]
© 2006 Moorea Biocode

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