: 8. The only
that has 10 dorsal spines. Exhibits a coloration very similar to
, but has black and white specks on its pelvic, anal and caudal fins, while
has vertical red, white and black streaks on its body scales. Large adults of both species have numerous red spots and streaks on the head and trilobed caudal fins.
Adults inhabit lagoon and coastal reefs, in areas with mixed sand, rubble, and coral (Ref.
). Occasionally in grassy areas. Feed mainly on benthic invertebrates such as mollusks and crustaceans. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref.
, 2001. Labridae. Wrasses, hogfishes, razorfishes, corises, tuskfishes. p. 3381-3467. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 3199 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.01154 - 0.02871), b=2.94 (2.81 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref.
Trophic level (Ref.
): 3.5 ±0.52 se; based on food items.
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref.
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100).
Price category (Ref.
): Calcium = 38.1 [19.1, 73.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.69 [0.26, 1.38] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [14.3, 21.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.0936 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 38.9 [17.4, 79.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 213 [41, 804] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.76 [1.45, 4.62] mg/100g (wet weight);
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