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Cheilinus chlorourus (Bloch, 1791)
FLORAL MAORI WRASSE
Dotted Maori; Floral Wrasse; White-dotted Maori; Yellow-dotted Maori Wrasse; Yellow-spotted Maori-wrasse; Sparus chlorourus Bloch, 1791

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Labridae   Cheilinus


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Cheilinus chlorourus, Floral wrasse : fisheries, aquarium

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Cheilinus chlorourus ( Bloch , 1791 )

Floral wrasse Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cheilinus chlorourus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Cheilininae
Etymology: Cheilinus: Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335 ) .
More on author: Bloch .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 9823 ). Tropical; 32°N - 36°S, 25°E - 132°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and Rapa.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 8. The only Cheilinus that has 10 dorsal spines. Exhibits a coloration very similar to C. trilobatus , but has black and white specks on its pelvic, anal and caudal fins, while C. trilobatus has vertical red, white and black streaks on its body scales. Large adults of both species have numerous red spots and streaks on the head and trilobed caudal fins.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit lagoon and coastal reefs, in areas with mixed sand, rubble, and coral (Ref. 9710 ). Occasionally in grassy areas. Feed mainly on benthic invertebrates such as mollusks and crustaceans. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Westneat, M.W. , 2001. Labridae. Wrasses, hogfishes, razorfishes, corises, tuskfishes. p. 3381-3467. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9823 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 12 July 2008

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201 ): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 3199 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804 ):  PD 50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.01154 - 0.02871), b=2.94 (2.81 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.52 se; based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100). Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high . Nutrients (Ref. 124155 ):  Calcium = 38.1 [19.1, 73.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.69 [0.26, 1.38] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [14.3, 21.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.0936 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 38.9 [17.4, 79.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 213 [41, 804] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.76 [1.45, 4.62] mg/100g (wet weight);

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