: 11 - 12. Young individuals are usually a mottled brown or green, sometimes with a broad lateral stripe (Ref.
). Rare individuals may be uniformly yellow (Ref.
). Coloration in this fish is variable: green, brown, orange-brown or yellow, often with narrow, midlateral, broken black stripe which are absent in large males (Ref.
). Large males may develop a bright yellow, orange, black, white, or multicolored patch on their sides behind their pectoral fins (Ref.
Inhabit seagrass beds and algal-covered flats, occasionally in lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of at least 30 m (Ref.
). Benthopelagic (Ref.
). Usually solitary. Juveniles secretive in seagrasses or attached
; adults usually in small loose aggregations, but occasionally form large schools to spawn (Ref.
). Feed mainly on crustaceans, mollusks, sea urchins (Ref.
) and other hard-shelled prey. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 24.4 - 29, mean 27.7 (based on 1206 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00255 - 0.00682), b=3.09 (2.95 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.5 ±0.54 se; Based on food items.
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Capuli, Estelita Emily
Luna, Susan M.
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