Off Sydney, NSW (33°47'S) to off eastern, southern and western TAS; temperate, discontinuous (antitropical, eastern North Atlantic, southern Africa, Japan, California, New Zealand). A shark was caught in January 2015 from 700m off Lakes Entrance, VIC.
Tasmania Province (10), Southeast Transition (11), Central Eastern Province (12)
FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world
A body slender and eel-like shark species, with a prominent keels on both sides of abdomen. Head with 6 pairs of gill slits, the lower ends of the first gill slits connected to each other across throat. Snout very short and truncated, mouth terminal on head. Teeth alike in both upper and lower jaws, with three strong cusps and a pair of intermediate cusplets, not saw or bladelike. One dorsal fin. Anal fin larger than dorsal fin. Caudal fin without a subterminal notch.
A very rare, little known deepwater shark. Benthic on the outer continental and insular shelves and upper slopes, at depth 120-1280. Ovoviviparous, number of embryos 8-12. Maximum size about 196 cm, size at birth estimated to be about 39 cm. Size at matur
Eastern Atlantic from northern Norway to the Atlantic Slope off northern Scotland and western Ireland, France, Spain, Portugal, Morocco, Mauritania, Madeira, Angola, northern Namibia. Western Indian Ocean off South Africa. Western Pacific off Japan, Taiwa
This species were taken incidentally in bottom trawls catches. Stock size is very limited. Utilized for fishmeal for human consumption.
Wide-ranging but with patchy distribution. Western Indian Ocean: off South Africa. Western Pacific: off Japan to New Zealand. Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA to northern Chile. Eastern Atlantic: northern Norway to northern Namibia, possibly the eastern Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Three specimens have been recorded from the western Atlantic (Ref.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
, range 135 - 150 cm
Max length : 200 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
: 146 - 171. Eel-like shark with 6 gill slits, the lower ends of the first gill slits connected t each other across throat (Ref.
). Dark brown or grey in color, sometimes paler below (Ref.
). Dorsal fin small and lobe-like originating over pelvic fin bases to behind anal fin origin (Ref.
). Anal fin larger than dorsal fin (Ref.
). Pectoral fins small and paddle-shaped (Ref.
). Caudal fin with weak ventral lobe and without subterminal notch (Ref.
). Terminal mouth with tricuspid teeth in both jaws (Ref.
An uncommon primitive shark (Ref.
) found on outer continental and insular shelves and upper slopes, usually between 120 and 1,280 m but occasionally caught at the surface (Ref.
). Feeds on other sharks, squid and bony fish (Ref.
). Ovoviviparous (Ref.
), litter size ranges from 2 to 10 (Ref.
). Not dangerous but teeth are sharp enough to inflict lacerations on the hands of the unwary scientist examining its mouth (Ref.
). Incidental in bottom trawl catches and utilized as fishmeal and as food fish (Ref.
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref.
). Number of young 2 to 15 (Ref.
). Gestation period is probably very long, one to two years (Ref.
). Size at birth 40-60 cm (Ref.
). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref.
, 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref.