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Choerodon schoenleinii (Valenciennes, 1839)
BLACKSPOT TUSKFISH
Black-spot Tusk-fish; Black-spot Tuskfish; Blue Tuskfish; Purple Groper; Yellow-bellied Tusk-fish; Choerodon rubidus Scott, 1959; Choerops notatus Alleyne and Macleay, 1877; Torresia australis Castelnau, 1875; Torresia australis Sauvage, 1875; Torresia lineata De Vis, 1885; Cossyphus schoenleinii Valenciennes, 1839

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Labridae   Choerodon


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/8cdd51c6-258c-41c8-be61-8ddd89b9f3f0 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/8cdd51c6-258c-41c8-be61-8ddd89b9f3f0
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/8cdd51c6-258c-41c8-be61-8ddd89b9f3f0 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/1f32862b-d1d0-4430-b41b-17b6a3abc4f2;jsessionid=1BFB07AD0E9D68A6929DCAFFD1CA7345
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/1f32862b-d1d0-4430-b41b-17b6a3abc4f2;jsessionid=1BFB07AD0E9D68A6929DCAFFD1CA7345 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/1f32862b-d1d0-4430-b41b-17b6a3abc4f2;jsessionid=1BFB07AD0E9D68A6929DCAFFD1CA7345
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Labridae  
 Genus Choerodon  
  Choerodon schoenleinii    (Valenciennes, 1839) 
Provider: Chen, Li-Shu 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Chaerodon schoenleini Chaerops notatus Choerodon cyanostolus Choerodon quadrifasciatus Choerodon rubidus Choerodon schoenleini Choerodon shoenleinii Choerops nyctemblema Choerops unimaculatus Cossyphus cyanostolus Cossyphus ommopterus details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993) Fishbase(2006) Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea.. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p
Name Code: 381949
  IUCN Red List:NT       Marine     
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Choerodon&speciesname=schoenleinii ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Choerodon&speciesname=schoenleinii
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Choerodon&speciesname=schoenleinii ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Choerodon-schoenleinii.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

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Choerodon schoenleinii (Valenciennes , 1839)

Blackspot tuskfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Bodianinae
Etymology: Choerodon: Greek, choiros = a pig + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Valenciennes .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 60 m (Ref. 9710 ), usually 10 - 20 m (Ref. 2334 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Ryukyu Islands south to Australia and Indonesia. Reported from Mauritius (Ref. 5503 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 24 - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2272 ); max. published weight: 15.5 kg (Ref. 2334 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 10. Large adults appear blue underwater and usually have a small black spot at the dorsal fin base. Juveniles have a large white saddle spot following the black spot (Ref. 48636 ). A moderately small but prominent dark spot present on body at base of last dorsal-fin spine (spot not extending onto fin membrane). Body scales each with a blue centre in life forming horizontal rows of spots on side. Second prominent anterior canine in lower jaw distinctly shorter than first in adults, directed mostly dorsally and slightly anteriorly. 3 to 5 scales on subopercle. (Ref 9823)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit flat sandy or weedy areas near lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710 ). Solitary. Feed mainly on hard-shelled prey including crustaceans, mollusks and sea urchins. Marketed mostly fresh. In Hong Kong live fish markets (Ref. 27253 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene , 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Near Threatened (NT)  ; Date assessed: 30 April 2004

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.5 - 29, mean 27.9 (based on 478 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.4   ±0.41 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Torres, Armi G. Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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