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Citharichthys mariajorisae van der Heiden and Mussot-Pérez, 1995
FIVE-RAYED SANDDAB
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Paralichthyidae   Citharichthys

Citharichthys mariajorisae
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Citharichthys mariajorisae

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Overview
Main identification features
  • head small
  • dorsal fin and a: alternating dark and clear blotches
  • lower gill rakers: 15-17
  • pectoral 2/3 head
  • dorsal fin has 79-90 rays anal fin has 59-69 rays
Eyes on left side; body height ~50% of standard length; head small, length ~22-28% of standard length, snout short, protruding; mouth ~39% of head length, ends under rear part of lower eye; eyes close together, ~parallel, ridge over lower eye; teeth ~equally developed on both sides of jaws, in 1 series on each jaw, no canines; gill rakers long, slender, 15-17 on lower arm of 1st arch; base of eye-side pelvic on midline of body; urinary papilla on blind side, immediately behind anus; eye-side lateral line ~straight, from edge of opercle to tail base; dorsal 79-90 rays; anal 59-69 rays; eye-side pectoral ~65% head length; eye-side pelvic with 5 rays; tail with blunt point; scales rough, larger than eye, 39-45 lateral line scales.

Eye-side dusky grey to light brown, with scattered dark blotches; dorsal and anal with regularly spaced eye-sized blotches of dark color on membranes interspaced with clear areas, often a large basal blotch and smaller outer one, or alternating small and large blotches; dark irregular bars on membranes of tail, pelvic as body, pectoral speckled; blind side yellowish.

Size: 16 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 10-45 m.

SE Gulf of California to Colombia.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 45 m.
Depth Range Min: 10 m.
Diet: mobile benthic worms; bony fishes; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs).
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=25; Southern limit=3; Western limit=-108; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=22; Longitudinal range=30.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Mud; Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 16 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Continent only; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Hoshino, K. and Amaoka, K., 1999., Citharichthys gnathus, a new species of paralichthyid flounder (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes) from the Galapagos Islands, eastern Pacific Ocean., Ichthyological Research, 46:371-375.
  • Van der Heiden , A.M. and Mussot-Perez, S., 1995., Citharichthys mariajorisae, a New Flatfish from the Shalow Coastal Waters of the Eastern Tropical Pacific (Pleuronectiformes: Paralichthyidae)., Copeia, 1995:439-446.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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