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Citharichthys stigmaeus Jordan and Gilbert, 1882
SPECKLED SANDDAB
Speckled sandab

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Paralichthyidae   Citharichthys

Citharichthys stigmaeus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Citharichthys stigmaeus

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Citharichthys stigmaeus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Citharichthys stigmaeus
espaņol

Overview
Main identification features
  • snout ~ lower eye
  • between eyes - narrow, flat, no bony crest
  • body and fins - black speckles
  • pectoral short, not reaching eye
  • 8-10 lower rakers
  • lateral line has 52-58 scales
Speckled sanddab

Eyes on left side; lower eye diameter equal to or less than snout length; narrow and flat between eyes, no bony ridge over lower eye; head length <30% of standard length;; mouth medium length, ends under lower eye; teeth ~equally developed on both sides of jaws, in 1 series on each jaw, no canines; base of eye-side pelvic on midline of body; urinary papilla on blind side, immediately behind anus; eye-side lateral line ~straight, from edge of opercle to tail base; 8-10 gill rakers on lower arm of 1st arch; 75-97 dorsal rays; 58-77 anal rays; eye-side pectoral 43-59% of head length, does not reach eye when folded forwards; tail fin rounded; lateral line 52-58 scales.

Eye-side tan to olive; finely and sharply speckled with black on body and fins; 3 dark blotches on body along lateral line; blind-side cream.

Size: 19 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 0-366 m.

Alaska to southern Baja.



Attributes
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap).
Depth Range Max: 366 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=61; Southern limit=25; Western limit=-148; Eastern limit=-113; Latitudinal range=36; Longitudinal range=35.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: East Pacific endemic; TEP non-endemic; All species.
Habitat: Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 19 cm.
Regional Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; California province, primarily; Continent only; Continent; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; All species.
Residency: Vagrant.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Jordan, D. S., Gilbert, C.H., 1882., Descriptions of two new species of fishes (Sebastichthys umbrosus and Citharichthys stigmaeus) collected at Santa Barbara, California, by Andrea Larco., Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 5:410-412.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Citharichthys+stigmaeus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Citharichthys+stigmaeus&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

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Number of matches : 14
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Citharichthys stigmaeus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Citharichthys stigmaeus
Citharichthys stigmaeus
Speckled Sanddab
ID: 0091 3183 0921 0106 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Citharichthys stigmaeus
Citharichthys stigmaeus
Speckled Sanddab
ID: 0091 3183 0990 0130 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Citharichthys stigmaeus
Citharichthys stigmaeus
Speckled Sanddab
ID: 0091 3183 0921 0104 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Citharichthys stigmaeus
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0003 0063 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Citharichthys stigmaeus
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0006 0033 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Citharichthys stigmaeus
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0904 0013 0035 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Citharichthys stigmaeus
Citharichthys stigmaeus
Speckled Sanddab
ID: 0000 0000 1004 1050 [detail]
© 2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Citharichthys stigmaeus
Citharichthys stigmaeus
Speckled Sanddab
ID: 0000 0000 0608 0477 [detail]
© 2008 Douglas Klug

Citharichthys stigmaeus
Citharichthys stigmaeus
Speckled Sanddab
ID: 0000 0000 0608 0491 [detail]
© 2008 Douglas Klug

Citharichthys stigmaeus
Citharichthys stigmaeus
Speckeled Sanddab
ID: 6666 6666 0310 0247 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2010 California Academy of Sciences

Citharichthys stigmaeus
Citharichthys stigmaeus
Speckeled Sanddab
ID: 6666 6666 0310 0248 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2010 California Academy of Sciences

Citharichthys stigmaeus
Citharichthys stigmaeus
Speckeled Sanddab
ID: 6666 6666 0310 0249 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2010 California Academy of Sciences

Citharichthys stigmaeus
Citharichthys stigmaeus
Speckled Sanddab
ID: 6666 6666 0414 0053 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2014 California Academy of Sciences

Citharichthys stigmaeus
Citharichthys stigmaeus
Speckled Sanddab
ID: 6666 6666 0414 0054 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2014 California Academy of Sciences

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Following modified from FishBase
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Citharichthys&speciesname=stigmaeus

Updated: 2019-10-14 03:47:25 gmt
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