Main identification features
- snout ~ lower eye
- between eyes - narrow, flat, no bony crest
- body and fins - black speckles
- pectoral short, not reaching eye
- 8-10 lower rakers
- lateral line has 52-58 scales
Eyes on left side; lower eye diameter equal to or less than snout length; narrow and flat between eyes, no bony ridge over lower eye; head length <30% of standard length;; mouth medium length, ends under lower eye; teeth ~equally developed on both sides of jaws, in 1 series on each jaw, no canines; base of eye-side pelvic on midline of body; urinary papilla on blind side, immediately behind anus; eye-side lateral line ~straight, from edge of opercle to tail base; 8-10 gill rakers on lower arm of 1st arch; 75-97 dorsal rays; 58-77 anal rays; eye-side pectoral 43-59% of head length, does not reach eye when folded forwards; tail fin rounded; lateral line 52-58 scales.
Eye-side tan to olive; finely and sharply speckled with black on body and fins; 3 dark blotches on body along lateral line; blind-side cream.
Size: 19 cm.
Habitat: sandy bottoms.
Depth: 0-366 m.
Alaska to southern Baja.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap).
Depth Range Max: 366 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=61; Southern limit=25; Western limit=-148; Eastern limit=-113; Latitudinal range=36; Longitudinal range=35.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: East Pacific endemic; TEP non-endemic; All species.
Habitat: Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 19 cm.
Regional Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; California province, primarily; Continent only; Continent; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; All species.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;
- Jordan, D. S., Gilbert, C.H., 1882., Descriptions of two new species of fishes (Sebastichthys umbrosus and Citharichthys stigmaeus) collected at Santa Barbara, California, by Andrea Larco., Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 5:410-412.