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Citharichthys xanthostigma Gilbert, 1890
LONGFIN SANDDAB
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Paralichthyidae   Citharichthys

Citharichthys xanthostigma
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Citharichthys xanthostigma

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Overview
Main identification features
  • body: 5 rows yellow and brown ocelli
  • lower gill rakers: 8-15
  • pectoral greater than head, black
Eyes on left side; body height 43-48% of standard length; head blunt, short, 29-31% of standard length; mouth 31-33% of head length, ends before middle of eye; eyes large, close together, front edge lower a little before front edge upper eye; teeth ~equally developed on both sides of jaws, in 1 series on each jaw, no canines; gill rakers long, slender, 17-18 on 1st gill arch; base of eye-side pelvic on midline of body; urinary papilla on blind side, immediately behind anus; eye-side lateral line ~straight, from edge of opercle to tail base; dorsal 79-89 rays; anal 61-69 rays; pectoral 10 rays, eye-side pectoral longer than head, pointed; scales rough, 50 lateral line scales; lateral line with shallow curve at front end.

Eye side light olive-brown to dark brown, speckled with orange and white; row of ocelli (yellow center, blackish-brown border) along lateral line and 2 rows between it and each edge of body, lower rows paired, pectoral with faint dusky crossbars to black; blind side pale.

Size: 25 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 2-200 m.

Southern California to the lower 1/2 of the Gulf of California to Costa Rica.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 200 m.
Depth Range Min: 2 m.
Diet: mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=37; Southern limit=9; Western limit=-122; Eastern limit=-83; Latitudinal range=28; Longitudinal range=39.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Mud; Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 25 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Continent only; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • García-Rodríguez , F. J. and Aurioles-Gamboa, D., 1997., Contribución al conocimiento de la diversidad íctica en la Bahía de La Paz por … lobo marino de California, Zalophus californianus californianus. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:151-162.
  • Gilbert, C.H., 1890., A preliminary report on the fishes collected by the steamer "Albatross" on the Pacific coast of North America during the year 1889, with descriptions of twelve new genera and ninety-two new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 13:49-126.
  • Hoshino, K. and Amaoka, K., 1999., Citharichthys gnathus, a new species of paralichthyid flounder (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes) from the Galapagos Islands, eastern Pacific Ocean., Ichthyological Research, 46:371-375.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part III., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:2183-3136.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Rodríguez-Romero, J., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sanchez, F.J., Aguilar-Palomino, B., Arvizú-Martínez, J., 1998., Ecology of fish communities from the soft bottoms of Bahía Concepción, México., Arch. Fish. Mar. Res., 46:61-76.

Acknowledgements

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Citharichthys xanthostigma Gilbert , 1890

Longfin sanddab Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Citharichthys xanthostigma   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Citharichthys xanthostigma (Longfin sanddab) Citharichthys xanthostigma
Picture by Love, M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Paralichthyidae (Large-tooth flounders)
Etymology: Citharichthys: Latin, cithara = lire like instrument + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Gilbert .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 2 - 201 m (Ref. 9330 ).   Subtropical; 37°N - 8°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Monterey Bay in California, USA to Costa Rica.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850 ); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9330 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 79-89; Anal soft rays : 61 - 69; Vertebrae : 36 - 38

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits sandy or sandy-muddy bottom (Ref. 9750 ). Utilized fresh.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 101737 ). Distinct pairing (Ref. 205 ). Females produce numerous eggs in multiple spawnings during a prolonged spawning period (Ref. 101737 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Amaoka, Kunio | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann , 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 11.5 - 26, mean 18.7 (based on 38 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00322 - 0.01632), b=3.15 (2.97 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.6   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Garilao, Cristina V. Fish Forum
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