D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp

Cylindropuntia fulgida (Engelm.) F. M. Knuth
Opuntia fulgida Engelm; Chain Cholla; Opuntia fulgida

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Cactaceae   Cylindropuntia

Cylindropuntia fulgida
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 2
Cylindropuntia fulgida

Click on map for details about points.

80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on image to enlarge.
Cylindropuntia fulgida
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 2
Cylindropuntia fulgida
go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 (Name or service not known) http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/Syllabus2/ofulgida.htm

Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 4 Page 92, 101, 102, 105, 1 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Cactaceae | Cylindropuntia

5. Cylindropuntia fulgida (Engelmann) F. M. Knuth in C. Backeberg and F. M. Knuth, Kaktus-ABC. 126. 1935.

Chain-fruit cholla

Opuntia fulgida Engelmann, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 306. 1856

Trees 1-3 m; trunk divaricately branching; crown many branch-ed, spreading. Stem segments whorled or subwhorled, gray-green, often drying blackish, ± spiny throughout, terminal ones easily dislodged, 6-16(-23) × 2-3.5 cm; tubercles salient, broadly oval, 0.8-1.3(-1.9) cm; areoles obdeltate, 5-7(-10) × 2.5-4 mm; wool gold to tan, aging gray to black. Spines 0-12(-18) per areole, at most areoles to nearly absent, yellowish, sometimes also pale pinkish, aging brown, interlaced or not with spines of adjacent areoles; abaxial spines erect to deflexed, spreading, flattened basally, the longest to 3.5 cm; adaxial spines erect or spreading, terete to subterete, longest to 2.5 cm; sheaths uniformly whitish, yellowish to golden, baggy. Glochids in adaxial tuft, sometimes also scattered along areole margins, yellow, 1-3 mm. Flowers: inner tepals usually reflexed, pink to magenta, obovate to ligulate, 12-16 mm, apiculate emarginate; filaments pale pink to magenta; anthers white to cream; style pinkish; stigma lobes whitish to pale yellow. Fruits proliferating, forming long, branching, pendent chains, at maturity gray-green, often stipitate, obconic, fleshy, shallowly tuberculate, usually spineless; basal fruits 32-55 × 23-45 mm; terminal fruits 2-3.3 × 1.3-2.3 cm; tubercles becoming obscure; umbilicus to 8 mm deep; areoles 18-35. Seeds pale yellow to brownish, angular to very irregular in outline, warped, 1.9 × 1.5-3.5 mm, sides with 1-2 large depressions, hilum pointed; girdle smooth.

Varieties 2 (2 in the flora): sw United States, nw Mexico.

Intermediates are known between the varieties, which are largely sympatric in northern portion of range of the species.

Cylindropuntia fulgida forms hybrids with C. spinosior (see 6. C . × kelvinensis ) and C. leptocaulis . Hybrids, which are rare in south-central Arizona, have stems of intermediate diameter, (0-)1-5 spines per areole, one spine much longer than others, and spineless, yellowing, and often reddish fruits in chains of four to six, or more.

Updated: 2022-11-28 11:22:34 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation