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Crinum asiaticum L.
Poison Bulb; Tree Crinum

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Liliaceae   Crinum

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FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllostictina @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Asparagales  
 Family Amaryllidaceae  
 Genus Crinum  
  Crinum asiaticum    L. 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Bulbine asiatica   details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 5: 80, 2000
Name Code: 201759
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CRAS6 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CRAS6
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CRAS6 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CRAS6
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CRAS6 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CRAS6
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Crinum asiaticum L.

Image of Crinum asiaticum

General Information
Symbol: CRAS6
Group: Monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   I
PB   I,N
Other Common Names: spider lily
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Crinum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, HI, Oahu. Usage Requirements .




Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae – Lily family
Genus Crinum L. – swamplily
Species Crinum asiaticum L. – poisonbulb

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Crinum asiaticum . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Crinum asiaticum</i>
L. var. <i>
(R. Br.) Fosberg & Sachet
Crinum asiaticum var. pedunculatum
Distribution of <i>
Crinum asiaticum</i>
L. var. <i>
(Carey ex Herb.) Baker
Crinum asiaticum var. procerum

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Caribbean UPL
North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CRAS6)
Flora of North America (CRAS6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CRAS6)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CRAS6)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
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FNA Vol. 26 Page 278, 279 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Crinum

2. Crinum asiaticum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 292. 1753.

Poison bulb, tree crinum

Bulbs 25 cm or more × 10—12 cm. Leaves numerous, 10 dm or more × 7.5—12 cm; blade ensiform, gradually tapering to apex. Scape stout, 2-edged. Umbels 20—100-flowered. Flowers: perianth white, salverform, tube 3—7.5 cm, limb lobes linear, 7.5 × 1—1.5 cm; pedicel 1—2 cm. Capsules to 5 cm diam., beak long.

Flowering summer--fall. Wet areas; 0--100 m; introduced; Fla., La.; tropical Asia.

Crinum asiaticum is a robust and highly variable species that is distinguished by its very broad leaves. The bulb is reputed to be poisonous.

Updated: 2020-06-02 17:46:49 gmt
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