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Cubiceps pauciradiatus Günther, 1872
Keeled Cubehead; Longfin Fathead; Bigeye Cigarfish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Nomeidae   Cubiceps

Cubiceps pauciradiatus
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Cubiceps pauciradiatus

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  • Australian Faunal Directory
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Main identification features
  • fatty ring around large eye
  • elongate; soft, flexible
  • pectoral past anal fin origin in adult
  • breast - bony keel
  • flank: branched mucous canal

Long-fin fat-head, Bigeye cigarfish

Body elongate, slender, compressed, soft and flexible; fatty ring around large eye; operculum thin, with 2 short spines; mouth small, at front; jaw teeth small, conical, 1 row; wide patch of flattened knob-like teeth on tongue and on roof of mouth; 22-26 rakers on 1st gill arch; sharp bony keel along breast; 2 dorsal fins, X-XI + I, 15-17; anal II, 14-16; origins of 1st dorsal and pelvic behind pectoral base; pectorals long, in adults extend past anal origin, 17-20 rays; tail forked, blunt tips; lateral line high along back; branched mucous canal along length of flank; scales moderate, smooth, 49-53 on lateral line; bases of dorsal and anal with scaly sheath; scales extend forward well onto snout.

Bluey brown, fins pale; inside mouth and gill chamber very dark.

Size: 20 cm.

Habitat: oceanic, juveniles around flotsam.

Depth: 60-100 m.

Circumglobal, tropical to temperate; the oceanic islands.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap).
Depth Range Max: 100 m.
Depth Range Min: 60 m.
Diet: bony fishes; zooplankton; pelagic fish larvae; pelagic fish eggs.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=25; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-82; Latitudinal range=27; Longitudinal range=33.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore; Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Bathypelagic.
Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 20 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s) only; Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Surface; Surface; Water column only;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Ahlstrom , E. H. , Butler , J. L..and Sumida, B. Y., 1976., Pelagic stromateoid fishes (Pisces, Perciformes) of the eastern Pacific: Kinds, distributions and early life histories and observations on five of these from the northwest Atlantic., Bull. Mar. Sci., 26:285-402.
  • Butler, J.L., 1979., The nomeid genus Cubiceps (Pisces) with a description of a new species., Bull. Mar. Sci., 29:226-241.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., Pérez-España, H., Chávez-Ramos, H., 1996., Systematics list of the fishes from Cerralvo island, Baja California Sur, Mexico., Ciencias Marinas, 22:295-311.
  • Grove , J.S. and Lavenberg, R. J., 1997., The fishes of the Galápagos islands., Stanford University Press:863 pp.
  • Günther, A., 1872., On some new species of reptiles and fishes collected by J. Brenchley, Esq., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (Ser. 4), 10:418-426.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/3724f0fd-6554-4cb1-9319-3f1b8cc7b58a/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/3724f0fd-6554-4cb1-9319-3f1b8cc7b58a/
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Cubiceps&speciesname=pauciradiatus ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Cubiceps-pauciradiatus.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Cubiceps-pauciradiatus.html ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Cubiceps-pauciradiatus.html
Cubiceps pauciradiatus, Bigeye cigarfish

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Cubiceps pauciradiatus Günther , 1872

Bigeye cigarfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cubiceps pauciradiatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Nomeidae (Driftfishes)
Etymology: Cubiceps: Latin, cubus = cube + Latin, ceps = head (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Günther .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 58 - 1000 m (Ref. 13628 ).   Tropical; 40°N - 40°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: circumtropical.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4412 ); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 31631 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11 - 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines : 2; Anal soft rays : 14 - 16; Vertebrae : 30 - 31. Light tan to brown in color; caudal fin dusky, other fins clear (Ref. 4412 ). Teeth patches on midline of roof of mouth and tongue large, broad and granular (sometimes partly obscured by mucous) (Ref 9834).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs from the border of the continental shelf to about 1,000 m depth (Ref. 13628 ). Found near the surface at night (Ref. 9834 ). Adults feed mainly on salps (Ref. 33689 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Haedrich, R.L. , 1986. Nomeidae. p. 846-850. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4412 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 21 May 2013

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 8.7 - 19, mean 12.7 (based on 823 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00155 - 0.00977), b=3.04 (2.82 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.6   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies. Generation time: 0.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>4). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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