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Cylindropuntia spinosior (Engelm.) F. M. Knuth
WALKINGSTICK CACTUS
Opuntia whipplei var spinosior Engelm; Cane Cholla; Opuntia spinosior

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Cactaceae   Cylindropuntia


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Cylindropuntia spinosior (Engelm.) F.M. Knuth
walkingstick cactus

Image of Cylindropuntia spinosior

General Information
Symbol: CYSP8
Group: Dicot
Family: Cactaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cylindropuntia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Saguaro National Park, West Unit. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Saguaro National Park, West Unit. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Saguaro National Park, West Unit. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Tucson vicinity. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Mesa vicinity, N.E. of town on Highway 87. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Mesa vicinity, N.E. of town on Highway 87. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Florence. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Tucson, E. of Saguaro National Monument. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Mesa vicinity, N.E. of town on Highway 87. Usage Requirements .

Carole Ritchie. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, AZ, Tucson. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AZ. 1913. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names
OPSP2 Opuntia spinosior (Engelm.) Toumey walkingstick cactus
OPWHS Opuntia whipplei Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow var. spinosior Engelm.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Cactaceae – Cactus family
Genus Cylindropuntia (Engelm.) Kreuzinger – cholla
Species Cylindropuntia spinosior (Engelm.) F.M. Knuth – walkingstick cactus

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Arizona Opuntia spinosior
Tourney-cane cholla Salvage restricted

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CYSP8)
Flora of North America (CYSP8)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (OPSP2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (OPWHS)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CYSP8)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Cactaceae | Cylindropuntia

13. Cylindropuntia spinosior (Engelmann) F. M. Knuth in C. Backeberg and F. M. Knuth, Kaktus-ABC. 126. 1935.

Cane cholla, walkingstick cactus

Opuntia whipplei Engelmann & J. M. Bigelow var. spinosior Engelmann, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 307. 1856; O. spinosior (Engelmann) Toumey; O. spinosior var. neomexicana Toumey

Trees, compact, widely branching, 0.4-2 m. Stem segments firmly attached, whorled or subwhorled, green to purple, 5-23 × 1.3-3.5 cm; tubercles crowded, pronounced, oval to narrowly oval, 0.5-1.2(-1.5) cm; areoles broadly obdeltate to elliptic, 4.5-7 × 2-4 mm; wool yellow to tan, aging gray to black. Spines (4-)6-18(-24) per areole, at most areoles, interlacing with spines of adjacent areoles, pale tan (rarely yellowish), pinkish to red-brown; abaxial spines erect to usually deflexed, terete, often flattened basally, 8-19 mm; adaxial spines erect or spreading, subterete; ± bristlelike spines at areole abaxial margins; sheaths persisting, uniformly whitish, not baggy. Glochids in inconspicuous adaxial tuft, yellow to tan, aging gray, 1-2 mm. Flowers: inner tepals rose to red-purple, bronze-purple, or yellow, sometimes pale greenish yellow or whitish, spatulate, 18-35 mm, emarginate-apiculate; filaments deep purple to pink-purple, sometimes green; anthers pale yellow; style white or pink to purple distally; stigma lobes white to cream. Fruits rarely proliferating, yellow, sometimes tinged reddish to purplish, broadly cylindric, 20-50 × 17-30 mm, fleshy, strongly tuberculate, spineless; areoles 28-50(-62); tubercles longer in distal portion of fruit; umbilicus to 10 mm deep. Seeds pale yellow, suborbicular to oval in outline, flattened to warped, 4-5 × 3-4 mm, sides with 0-3 large depressions; girdle smooth. 2 n = 22.

Flowering spring-early summer (Apr-Aug). Desert and plains grasslands, extending onto Sonoran Desert flats, sandy to loamy soils; 300-2000 m; Ariz., N.Mex.; Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora).

Cylindropuntia spinosior forms hybrids with C. acanthocarpa var. major, C. arbuscula, C. fulgida (see 6. C. × kelvinensis ), C. leptocaulis (see discussion under 3. C. × tetracantha ), and C. versicolor (= C. × grantiorum P. V. Heath). Introgression between C. spinosior and C. imbricata occurs in a more or less continuous band from central New Mexico to Chihuahua, Mexico. The hybrids between C. spinosior and C. acanthocarpa var. major are sprawling shrubs with irregular branching pattern and have spine clusters with one or more spines longer than others and fleshy fruits, some with one to few spines per fruit. Chromosome numbers of hybrids are all reported as 2 n = 22.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Cylindropuntia+spinosior&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Cylindropuntia+spinosior&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 18
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Cylindropuntia spinosior%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
Walkingstick Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0108 1389 [detail]
© 2008 Christopher L. Christie

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
Walkingstick Cactus
(shown with Larrea tridentata )
ID: 0000 0000 0108 1390 [detail]
© 2008 Christopher L. Christie

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
Walkingstick Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0108 1392 [detail]
© 2008 Christopher L. Christie

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
Walkingstick Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0108 1391 [detail]
© 2008 Christopher L. Christie

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
Walkingstick Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0108 1394 [detail]
© 2008 Christopher L. Christie

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
Walkingstick Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0108 1393 [detail]
© 2008 Christopher L. Christie

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
Walkingstick Cholla
ID: 0000 0000 0614 0515 [detail]
© 2014 Richard Spellenberg

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
Walkingstick Cholla
ID: 0000 0000 0614 0516 [detail]
© 2014 Richard Spellenberg

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
Walkingstick Cholla
ID: 0000 0000 0614 0517 [detail]
© 2014 Richard Spellenberg

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cane Cholla
ID: 0000 0000 0719 0231 [detail]
© 2019 Robert Nixon

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
ID: 0000 0000 0719 0066 [detail]
© 2019 John Doyen

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
ID: 0000 0000 0719 0065 [detail]
© 2019 John Doyen

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
ID: 0000 0000 0719 0064 [detail]
© 2019 John Doyen

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
ID: 0000 0000 0719 0063 [detail]
© 2019 John Doyen

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
ID: 0000 0000 0719 0062 [detail]
© 2019 John Doyen

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
ID: 0000 0000 0719 0061 [detail]
© 2019 John Doyen

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
ID: 0000 0000 0719 0060 [detail]
© 2019 John Doyen

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Cylindropuntia spinosior
ID: 0000 0000 0719 0059 [detail]
© 2019 John Doyen

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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