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Cynoglossus arel (Bloch and Schneider, 1801)
LARGESCALE TONGUESOLE
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Cynoglossidae   Cynoglossus

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Pleuronectiformes  
 Family Cynoglossidae  
 Genus Cynoglossus  
  Cynoglossus arel    (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Cynoglossus macrolepidus Cynoglossus oligolepis Pleuronectes arel   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995)
Character: Dorsal-fin rays 116-125; anal-fin rays 85-95; caudal-fin rays 10. Eyed side uniform brown, with a dark patch on gill cover, blind side white. Body elongate, its depth 3.85 to 5 times in standard length. Eyes with a small scaly interorbital space. Snout obtusely pointed. Rostral hook short. Corner of mouth reaching posteriorly to or beyond lower of eye, about midway between gill opening and tip of snout. Caudal-fin rays usually 10. Midlateral-line scales 56 to 70. Scales large, ctenoid on eyed side of body. Cycloid on blind side. Scale rows between lateral lines on eyed side of body 7 to 9.  
Habitat: Inhabits muddy and sandy bottoms of the continental shelf down to 125 m. Enters estuaries and tidal rivers. Feeds predominantly on bottom-living invertebrates. 
Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf to Sri Lanka, eastward to Indonesia, southern China, Taiwan, Thailand, the Philippines, and southern Japan. Taiwan: North, West. 
Utility: Commercial fishery species. Marketed mostly fresh and frozen; also dried-salted. 
Name Code: 382727
   Marine     
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Cynoglossus&speciesname=arel ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Cynoglossus-arel.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Cynoglossus-arel.html ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Cynoglossus-arel.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Cynoglossus arel (Bloch & Schneider , 1801)

Largescale tonguesole Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cynoglossus arel   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Cynoglossus arel (Largescale tonguesole) Cynoglossus arel
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae (Tonguefishes) > Cynoglossinae
Etymology: Cynoglossus: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 9 - 125 m (Ref. 9895 ).   Tropical; 32°N - 5°S, 47°E - 134°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf to Sri Lanka and Indonesia, north to southern Japan. Reported occurrence of this species from Niue (Ref. 3804 ) should be verified.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 20.1   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11441 ); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3391 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 116-130; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 85 - 98; Vertebrae : 50 - 57. Eyed side uniform brown, with a dark patch on gill cover, blind side white. Body elongate, its depth 20 to 26% SL. Eyes with a small scaly interorbital space. Snout obtusely pointed. Rostral hook short. Corner of mouth reaching posteriorly to or beyond lower of eye, about midway between gill opening and tip of snout. Caudal-fin rays usually 10. Midlateral-line scales 56 to 70. Scales large, ctenoid on eyed side of body. Cycloid (smooth) on blind side. Scale rows between lateral lines on eyed side of body 7 to 9 (Ref 9895).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits muddy and sandy bottoms of the continental shelf down to 125 m. Enters estuaries and tidal rivers (Ref. 1479 ). Feeds predominantly on bottom-living invertebrates. Marketed mostly fresh and frozen; also dried-salted (Ref. 9895 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino , 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 23.5 - 28.7, mean 27.7 (based on 550 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00249 - 0.00637), b=3.07 (2.93 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.24-0.98; tm=2;). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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Updated: 2020-06-03 13:53:56 gmt
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