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Cynoglossus joyneri Gunther, 1878
RED TONGUESOLE
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Cynoglossidae   Cynoglossus

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Pleuronectiformes  
 Family Cynoglossidae  
 Genus Cynoglossus  
  Cynoglossus joyneri    Günther, 1878 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Areliscus joyneri   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995)
Character: Dorsal-fin rays 98-112; anal-fin rays 80-90; caudal-fin rays 10. Lips on eyed side of head not fringed with labial papillae. Three lateral lines on eyed side of body. Two nostril on eyed side of head. Ctenoid scales on both sides of body and head. Head and body with no dark brown spots on left side. Scales between upper and middle lateral lines at most 12-14 longitudinal series; snout longer than distance from upper eye to dorsal fin base. Snout hook reaching inferior of anterior nostril; hind end of mouth cleft nearer to snout tip. Hind end of mouth cleft behind lower eye; eye-diameter 9.8-15.2 in head length. 
Habitat: Found in the sublittoral zone on sandy mud bottoms. Feeds on benthic animals. 
Distribution: Northwest Pacific: Korea and southern Japan to the Yellow Sea and South China Sea. Taiwan: North, West. 
Utility: Commercial fishery species. 
Name Code: 382732
   Marine     
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Cynoglossus&speciesname=joyneri ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Cynoglossus&speciesname=joyneri
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Cynoglossus&speciesname=joyneri ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Cynoglossus-joyneri.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

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Cynoglossus joyneri Günther , 1878

Red tonguesole Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cynoglossus joyneri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Cynoglossus joyneri (Red tonguesole) Cynoglossus joyneri
Picture by Shao, K.T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae (Tonguefishes) > Cynoglossinae
Etymology: Cynoglossus: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Günther .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 20 - 70 m (Ref. 11230 ).   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Korea and southern Japan to the Yellow Sea and South China Sea.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in the sublittoral zone (incl. semi-enclosed sea areas) on sandy mud bottoms (Ref. 11230 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Menon, A.G.K. , 1977. A systematic monograph of the tongue soles of the genus Cynoglossus Hamilton-Buchanan (Pisces: Cynoglossidae). Smithson. Contrib. Zool. (238):1-129. (Ref. 5297 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 10.6 - 28.8, mean 27.2 (based on 185 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00316 - 0.00502), b=3.08 (3.02 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.3   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies. Generation time: 6.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=4). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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