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Cynoglossus puncticeps (Richardson, 1846)
SPOTTED TONGUE SOLE
Spotted Tongue-sole; Plagusia puncticeps Richardson, 1846; Speckled Tonguesole

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Cynoglossidae   Cynoglossus


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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/0e22d09f-708b-43b7-a502-37e347305f37 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/0e22d09f-708b-43b7-a502-37e347305f37
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/0e22d09f-708b-43b7-a502-37e347305f37 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/d4412d1a-e75b-4e15-9302-8019999d9ff0;jsessionid=0D75B0957DA7D75E7AE75FF03C0CFDA1
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/d4412d1a-e75b-4e15-9302-8019999d9ff0;jsessionid=0D75B0957DA7D75E7AE75FF03C0CFDA1 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/d4412d1a-e75b-4e15-9302-8019999d9ff0;jsessionid=0D75B0957DA7D75E7AE75FF03C0CFDA1
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You have requested an unaccepted/invalid name entry, the corresponding accepted/valid name is presented here as the result.
 
Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Pleuronectiformes  
 Family Cynoglossidae  
 Genus Cynoglossus  
  Cynoglossus puncticeps    (Richardson, 1846) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Arelia brachyrhynchos Arelia javanica Cynoglossus aurolineatus Cynoglossus brachyrhynchus Cynoglossus brevis Cynoglossus nigrolabeculatus Cynoglossus puncticeps immaculata Cynoglossus punticeps Plagiusa aurolimbata Plagiusa nigrolabeculata Plagusia aurolimbata details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 中國動物誌-鰈形目(李&王, 1995)
Character: Dorsal-fin rays 90-100; anal-fin rays 70-80; Ocular side yellow-brown. Dorsal and anal fins joined to caudal. Eyes both on the left side of the body, a narrow space separating them; asymmetrical mouth; rostral hook below mouth. Ocular side with 2 lateral lines. Only the left ventral fin present. 
Habitat: Found on the continental shelf over sandy and muddy bottoms. Occurs in the lower courses of flowing rivers and in estuaries. Feeds mostly on benthic invertebrates. 
Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India eastward to the Malay Archipelago and the South China Sea, southward to the Philippines and northwest Australia; eastward to New Guinea Taiwan: South. 
Utility: Commercial fishery species. Sold fresh, frozen, or dried salted in markets. 
Name Code: 382736
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http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Cynoglossus-puncticeps.html ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Cynoglossus-puncticeps.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Cynoglossus puncticeps (Richardson , 1846)

Speckled tonguesole Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Cynoglossus puncticeps   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Cynoglossus puncticeps (Speckled tonguesole) Cynoglossus puncticeps
Picture by Winterbottom, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae (Tonguefishes) > Cynoglossinae
Etymology: Cynoglossus: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Richardson .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; depth range 1 - 140 m (Ref. 9895 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: India eastward to the Malay Archipelago and the South China Sea, southward to the Philippines and northwest Australia; eastward to New Guinea (Ref. 9895 ). A related species, Cynoglossus gilchristi Regan, 1920 is recorded from Madagascar, the holotype (BMNH n°1903.9.29:2) being from Natal, off Umlanga River (Ref. 6806 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637 ); common length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9895 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 90-100; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 72 - 78; Vertebrae : 44 - 49. Ocular side yellow-brown. Dorsal and anal fins joined to caudal. Eyes both on the left side of the body, a narrow space separating them; asymmetrical mouth; rostral hook below mouth. Ocular side with 2 lateral lines. Only the left ventral fin present (Ref 28). With very irregular dark brown blotches, often forming irregular cross bands. Some rays of dorsal and anal fins dashed with dark brown. Scales ctenoid on both sides of body. Midlateral-line scales 78 to 99. Scale rows between lateral lines on eyed side 15 to 19 (Ref 9895).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on the continental shelf over sandy and muddy bottoms. Occurs in the lower courses of flowing rivers and in estuaries (Ref. 12693 , 48637 ). Feeds mostly on benthic invertebrates. Sold fresh, frozen, or dried salted in markets (Ref. 6806 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Munroe, T.A. , 2001. Cynoglossidae. Tonguesoles. p. 3890-3901. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9895 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.3 - 29.1, mean 28 (based on 2476 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00317 - 0.00870), b=3.09 (2.95 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.3   ±0.44 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.65). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen Fish Forum
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