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Cynotilapia afra (Gunther, 1894)
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Cichlidae   Cynotilapia


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Cynotilapia afra (Günther , 1894)

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Pictures | Google image Image of Cynotilapia afra Cynotilapia afra
Male picture by Artigas Azas, J.M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Cynotilapia: Greek, kyon = dog + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 8.0 - 8.5; dH range: 15 - ?; depth range 3 - 30 m.   Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref. 2060 ); 9°S - 15°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Lake Malawi, indigenous to the central and northern parts of the Lake (Ref. 5622 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5622 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 6 - 7. Diagnosis: Body moderately elongated and of medium depth (Ref. 88848 ). Dorsal profile of body rounded; fronted profile straight; jaws isognathous; due to evisceration, body depth likely to be altered (Ref. 88848 ). Caudal peduncle lowering caudad, narrower point near the base of caudal fin (Ref. 88848 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found common in the upper part of the rocky biotope which is usually sediment-free (Ref. 5595 ). Males which are territorial mainly feed from the biocover on the rocks close to their homestead while others which are more gregarious feed on plankton (Ref. 5595 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Sexual maturity is reached at 6-8 months. Female mouth brooder.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Maréchal, C. , 1991. Cynotilapia. p. 67-68. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5622 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 22 June 2018

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
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Ecology
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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00703 - 0.03260), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown .

Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. Modified by Boden, Gert Fish Forum
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