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Dicranum flagellare Hedwig
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Bryophyta  
 Class Bryopsida  
 Order Dicranales  
 Family Dicranaceae  
 Genus Dicranum  
  Dicranum flagellare    Hedw., 1801 
Provider: Chiang, Tzen-Yuh 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Dicranum flagellare minutissimum Dicranum miquelonense Dicranum miquelonense crispatulum Holomitrium falcatum   details
Citation: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2007. Bryophytes: Mosses. Fl. N. Amer. 27(1): i–xxi, 1-711. Bellolio-Trucco, G. & R. R. Ireland 1990. A taxonomic study of the moss genus Dicranum(Dicranaceae) in Ontario and Quebec. Canad. J. Bot. 867–909. Ireland, R. R. 1994. Dicranum in A. J. Sharp et al.(editors), Moss Flora of Mexico. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 69: 161–167. Allen, B. 1994. Moss Flora of Central America. Part 1. Sphagnaceae–Calymperaceae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 49. 242 pp.
Name Code: 200209
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DIFL6 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DIFL6
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DIFL6 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DIFL6
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Dicranum flagellare Hedw.
dicranum moss

Image of Dicranum flagellare

General Information
Symbol: DIFL6
Group: Moss
Family: Dicranaceae
Growth Habit : Nonvascular
Native Status : NA   N
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


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©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .



Symbol Scientific Name
DIFLM Dicranum flagellare Hedw. var. minutissimum Grout
ORFL5 Orthodicranum flagellare (Hedw.) Loeske


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Division Bryophyta – Mosses
Subdivision Musci
Class Bryopsida – True mosses
Subclass Bryidae
Order Dicranales
Family Dicranaceae
Genus Dicranum Hedw. – dicranum moss
Species Dicranum flagellare Hedw. – dicranum moss

Subordinate Taxa

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Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


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Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 27 Page 398, 400, 406, 419 , 420 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 27 | Dicranaceae | Dicranum

26. Dicranum flagellare Hedwig, Sp. Musc. Frond. 130. 1801.

Dicranum flagellare var. minutissimum Grout

Plants in dense tufts, usually bearing 2-6 dark green, stout, terete branchlets, 1-4 mm, in the axils of the distal leaves, each flagelliform branchlet with short, ovate to lingulate, broadly acute to obtuse, ecostate or shortly and indistinctly costate leaves closely appressed to the axis, yellowish green to dark green, glossy. Stems 0.5-6 cm, densely tomentose with light brown to reddish brown rhizoids. Leaves falcate-secund to nearly straight, crisped to weakly crisped when dry, smooth, (1-)2-4(-5) × 0.3-0.6 mm, concave below, tubulose above, from a lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate base to an acuminate subula, apex acute; margins smooth to serrulate above; laminae 1-stratose; costa percurrent or sometimes ending just before apex, 1 /6- 1 /4 the width of the leaves at base, smooth to ± rough with papillae or small teeth on abaxial surface near apex of leaf, abaxial ridges absent, with a row of guide cells, two stereid bands above and below not extending above the leaf middle, adaxial epidermal layer of cells not differentiated, the abaxial layer with some cells differentiated; cell walls between lamina cells not bulging; leaf cells smooth or weakly abaxially prorate above; alar cells 1-stratose, distinctly differentiated, not extending to costa; proximal laminal cells elongate-rectangular, not pitted or with few pits, (12-)24-38(-70) × (4-)10-15(-18) µm; distal laminal cells short-rectangular to quadrate, not pitted, (5-)12-14(-23) × (5-)7-12(-14) µm. Sexual condition dioicous; male plants as large as females; interior perichaetial leaves abruptly long-acuminate, convolute-sheathing. Seta 1-2.5 cm, solitary, yellowish to brown. Capsule 1.5-3 mm, straight and erect or nearly so, striate when dry, yellowish brown to brown; operculum 0.5-l.6 mm. Spores 12-19 µm.

Capsules mature in spring. Rotting wood, especially stumps and logs, base of trees, exposed tree roots, soil or humus over boulders usually in mesic woods, sometimes swamps and bogs; 0-1300 m; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Ariz., Ark., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.; Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Jalisco, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas); West Indies; Central America (Costa Rica, Guatemala, Panama); Europe; Asia.

Dicranum flagellare has been reported from Northwest Territories by W. L. Peterson (1979) and Arizona by I. M. Haring (1961). It is easily recognized because of the presence of unique axillary, flagelliform branchlets, in clusters of 2-6, which some plants in each colony almost always possess. The branchlets are deciduous and represent another type of asexual reproduction present in species of Dicranum , e.g. deciduous branchlets with linear, crisped leaves in D. montanum , and deciduous leaf tips in D. fragilifolium , D. tauricum and D. viride . C. E. Correns (1899) discussed the flagelliform branchlet type of asexual reproductive in D. flagellare as well as the other types of asexual reproduction occurring in the genus. The only species likely to be confused with D. flagellare if the flagelliform branchlets are overlooked or cannot be found is 25. D. montanum . For distinctions see the discussion under that species.

Updated: 2020-03-31 23:26:17 gmt
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