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Diodon liturosus Shaw, 1804
BLACKBLOTCHED PORCUPINEFISH
Black-blotched Porcupinefish; Blotched Porcupine-fish; Blotched Porcupinefish; Brown-backed Porcupinefish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Diodontidae   Diodon


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https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Diodon&speciesname=liturosus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Diodon-liturosus.html
Diodon liturosus, Black-blotched porcupinefish : fisheries, aquarium

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Diodon liturosus Shaw , 1804

Black-blotched porcupinefish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Diodon liturosus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Videos | Google image Image of Diodon liturosus (Black-blotched porcupinefish) Diodon liturosus
Picture by Field, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Diodontidae (Porcupinefishes (burrfishes))
Etymology: Diodon: Greek, di = two + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335 ) .
More on author: Shaw .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 90 m (Ref. 37816 ), usually 15 - 30 m (Ref. 9680 ). Tropical; 30°N - 30°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales. Not present in Hawaii (Ref. 9680 ). Southeast Atlantic: southeast coast of South Africa (Ref. 4423 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-16; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 14 - 16. Spines short (Ref. 1602 ). Several yellow-edged dark blotches on body (Ref. 559 ). D. liturosus differs from D. hystrix by its shorter spines and color (Ref. 37816 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits reef edges and slopes (Ref. 6113 , 48637 ). Hides in caves and ledges during the day and forages at night (Ref. 9680 ). Also found below plate-corals during the day and often deep, ranging to at least 40 meters depth. Juveniles occur in lagoons and estuaries (Ref. 48637 ). Solitary. Feeds on crustaceans and mollusks. Not usually marketed (Ref. 9680 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Myers, R.F. , 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303 )





Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201 ): 24.7 - 29.1, mean 28.1 °C (based on 798 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804 ):  PD 50 = 0.5313   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.04677 (0.01931 - 0.11328), b=2.82 (2.61 - 3.03), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.37 se; based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100). Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown . Nutrients (Ref. 124155 ):  Calcium = 38.9 [15.3, 82.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.545 [0.338, 1.103] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [17, 21] % ; Omega3 = 0.113 [0.060, 0.209] g/100g ; Selenium = 41.4 [21.9, 89.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 31.5 [9.6, 102.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.913 [0.603, 1.403] mg/100g (wet weight);

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