陳餘鋆, 2002. 臺灣深海鰻類的分類,分布,柔軟器官及以腦部形態與尾鰭骨骼探討真鰻類及糯鰻亞目之親緣關係
楊瑋庭 , 2011. 碩士論文:臺灣合鰓鰻科魚類之初步分類研究
Chen, J. T. F. and H. T. C. Weng, 1967. A review of the apodal fishes of Taiwan. Biological bulletin, Tunghai University, ichthyology series, number 6, No. 32: 1-86.
No scale. Pectoral fin present. Lower jaw longer than upper jaw. Premaxillary teeth two. Jaw teeth in bands, inner teeth large. Vomerine teeth 5. Premaxillary teeth and vomerine teeth compound. Dorsal fin origin behind pectoral fin. Vertebrae 137 (134). Total length 20.1 of body depth, 8.0 of head length; caudal length 6.8 of the length from head to trunk; head length 6.0 of snout length; snout length 1.7 of diameter of eye.Rictus beyond rear margin of the eye. Length anus to gill slit shorter than head length. Tongue fixed. Body color light brown. Dorsal anal fin white (tail end of anal fin black); eye small.
Demersal fishes; inhabit in 100 to 400 meters deep, feed on small fishes, crustaceans and other invertebrates.