New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia
Extra Distribution Information
Off Tuggerah Lake, NSW (33º20´S) to off Hobart, TAS (42º34´S) and off Cape Bouvard, WA (33ºS); temperate, circumglobal (except north-west Atlantic).
that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur.
The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
Tasmania Province (10), Southeast Transition (11), Central Eastern Province (12), Tasman Basin Province (13), Central Western Transition (5), Central Western Province (6), Southwest Transition (7)
A review of lanternfishes( Families: Myctophidae and Neoscopelidae) and their distributions around Taiwan and Tungsha Islands with notes on seventeen new records(Wang and Chen, 2001)
Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)
D. 13-15; A19(18); P. 15 (14-16); AO 11;G.R. 8 + 1 + 17-18, total 26-27 Body short and deep, slightly greater than 1/3 of SL. Mouth oblique, terminal; maxillary expanded posteriorly. Eye very large. Origin of dorsal fin behind base of ventral fin. Origin of anal fin about under middle base of dorsal fin. Pectoral fins extending to almost SAO1. Ventral fins reaching anus. Base of adipose fin in advance of end of base of anal fin. Small Dn and Vn; Op1 opposite posterior end of premaxillary; Op2 about at level of ventral margin of orbit. PLO over PVO1, in front of ventral half of base of pectoral fin. PVO1 on or slightly in advance of a line between PVO2 and PO2; PVO2 in contact with lower end of base of pectoral fin. Five PO, level. VLO about over VO1 and on a line between SAO1 and PVO2. Four VO, level. SAO forminga very obtuse angle; SAO1 over VO4; Pol absent; 11 AO, less than one organ diameter apart form each other, in line except for last three organs which behind end of base of anal fin. Prc nearly on same level and less than one organ diameter apart form each other.
Oceanic, found between 225-750 m during the day and between 90-375 m (juveniles) and 450-550 m (adults) at night. Epipelagic to mesopelagic. Widespread distribution in all oceans, limited by 10° and 15°C isotherms at 200 m and by a productivity greater th
The waters off Tungkand and the Tungsha Islands. Northern and northwestern Pacific Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, northwestern Atlantic Ocean, South Africa, and tropical Indian Ocean.
Eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Namibia, also the Mediterranean (gap across region of cyclonic gyre between the South Equatorial Countercurrent and western branch of Benguela Current (5°S-13°S). Larvae, however, are not found among the cruise collections in the Agulhas Current Region (Ref.
). Western Atlantic: off Suriname to Brazil (Ref.
). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref.
). Indian Ocean: 0°-40°S. Western Pacific: Australia (Ref.
). Eastern Pacific: 42°-25°N, 5°-20°S and west of 80°W. Recorded from off Tungkang in Taiwan and Tungsha Islands in South China Sea (Ref.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
, range 6 - ? cm
Max length : 8.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); max. reported age: 2 years (Ref.
Oceanic, found between 225-750 m during the day and between 90-375 m (juveniles) and 450-550 m (adults) at night. Epipelagic to mesopelagic (Ref.
). Widespread distribution in all oceans, limited by 10° and 15°C isotherms at 200 m and by a productivity greater than 50g Carbon per square meter per year. Sexually mature from about 5.9 cm. Spawn mainly during summer to autumn in the Mediterranean (Ref.
). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref.
). Also Ref. 58302.
, 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 5.4 - 14.9, mean 10.1 (based on 1190 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=3.03; tmax=1.5).
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
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- 20 July 2016
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