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Enchelynassa canina (Quoy &. Gaimard, 1824)
LONGFANG MORAY
Indo-Pacific Viper Moray; Toothy Moray; Enchelynassa bleekeri Kaup, 1855; Muraena canina Quoy and Gaimard, 1824; Viper moray

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Muraenidae   Enchelynassa

Enchelynassa canina
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Enchelynassa canina

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Overview
Main identification features
  • nostrils: front- tube + flap; rear - cup
  • large canines
  • dark grey-brown
Dorsal and anal fins developed as skin-covered ridges, but clearly evident, dorsal origin before gill opening; skin with narrow irregular ridges; extremely long canine teeth at front of jaws, and inner row on side of upper jaw; front nostril a short tube with a long 2-lobed flap at rear end; rear nostril above front of eye, large and oval with a raised rim.

Dark brownish grey with vertical thin blackish lines in grooves on skin; each pore along side of jaws in a pale to whitish spot.

Size: reported to 250 cm.

Habitat: rocky bottoms.

Depth: 2-20 m.

Widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific; in the eastern Pacific it is known from Clipperton Island and the Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 20 m.
Depth Range Min: 2 m.
Diet: bony fishes; octopus/squid/cuttlefish.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=11; Southern limit=8; Western limit=-110; Eastern limit=-81; Latitudinal range=3; Longitudinal range=29.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Corals; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 250 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Eastern Pacific non-endemic; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1994., Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific., Crawford House Press Pty Ltd:1-332.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1997., An Annotated Checklist of the fishes of Clipperton Atoll, Tropical Eastern Pacific., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 45:813-843.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Nielsen , J. G. , Cohen , D. M. , Markle , D. F. and Robins, C. R., 1999., Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes)., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 18(125):1-177.
  • Quoy , J. R. C. and Gaimard, J. P., 1824., Description des Poissons. Chapter IX. In: Freycinet, L. de, Voyage autour du Monde...exécuté sur les corvettes de L. M. "L'Uranie" et "La Physicienne," pendant les années 1817, 1818, 1819 et 1820. Paris., Voyage Uranie, Zool., :1-328.
  • Robertson , D.R. and Allen, G.A., 1996., Zoogeography of the shorefish fauna of Clipperton Atoll., Coral Reefs, 15:121-131.
  • Rosenblatt , R.H. , McCosker , J.E. and Rubinoff, I., 1972., Indo-west Pacific fishes from the Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama., Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 234:18pp.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/904feb3c-3641-4141-a32a-7fd29f2a3758 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/904feb3c-3641-4141-a32a-7fd29f2a3758
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Enchelynassa&speciesname=canina ---> https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Enchelynassa&speciesname=canina
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Updated: 2021-08-03 23:38:33 gmt
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