Body slender, elongate, oval in cross-section and little compressed, depth about 6 times in standard length. No pre- or postpelvic scutes; pelvic scute with ascending arms present. maxilla short, tip blunt, reaching posteriorly almost to anterior border of preopercle; not projecting beyond tip of second supramaxilla; anterior tip of lower jaw only reaching to vertical through nostril. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 26 to 30. Dorsal-fin origin just posterior to midpoint of body. Anal fin short, with iii unbranched and 14 to 16 branched fin rays, its origin well posterior to vertical through base of posteriormost dorsal-fin ray. Body brownish or greenish above, silvery white below with a broad silver stripe along flank, becoming paler with age; all fins hyaline; caudal fin pale yellow.
Occurs in large schools near the surface, mainly in coastal waters but as far out as over 1,000 km from the shore. Tends to move more northward and inshore in spring and summer. Juveniles associate with drifting seaweed. Feeds on copepods, but also on oth
Distributed in Western Pacific Ocean, from southern Sakhalin Islands, Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts of Japan, and south to almost to Taiwan. It is very common in all Taiwanese waters, expecially in northern part.
Marketed fresh and salted, processed into fishmeal and oil
Western Pacific: southern Sakhalin Islands, Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts of Japan, and south to almost Canton/Taiwan; rare records (seems to represent stray fishes) off the coasts of Luzon and Western Mindanao, Philippines and from Manado and Ujung Pandang, Sulawesi, Indonesia (Ref.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
, range 10 - 11 cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); common length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); max. published weight: 45.00 g (Ref.
); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref.
: 13 - 18. Differs very little from the European anchovy (see
) and can be identified from that description. Of other anchovies found in the southern part of its distribution, only species of
are of similar appearance, but all have small spine-like pre-pelvic scutes (usually 2 to 7 scutes).
have compressed bodies and a keel of scutes along belly.
Occurs in large schools near the surface, mainly in coastal waters but as far out as over 1,000 km from the shore. Tends to move more northward and inshore in spring and summer. Juveniles associate with drifting seaweed (Ref.
). Feeds on copepods, but also on other small crustaceans, molluscan larvae, fish eggs and larvae and diatoms. Marketed fresh and salted, processed into fishmeal and oil (Ref.
Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana
, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 8.1 - 23.3, mean 18.4 (based on 139 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00278 - 0.00786), b=3.12 (2.97 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.1 ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 1.1 (0.7 - 1.3) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 20
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.05; tm=1-2; tmax=3).
Prior r = 1.18, 95% CL = 0.78 - 1.76, Based on 7 stock assessments.
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Binohlan, Crispina B.
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