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Engraulis japonicus Temminck and Schlegel, 1846
JAPANESE ANCHOVY
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Clupeiformes  
 Family Engraulidae  
 Genus Engraulis  
  Engraulis japonicus    Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Anchoa guineensis Anchoviella guineensis Atherina japonica Clupea encrasicolus Engraulis amara Engraulis argyrophanus Engraulis capensis Engraulis encrasicholus Engraulis encrasicholus ponticus Engraulis encrasicolus Engraulis encrasicolus russoi details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 中國動物誌-鱘形目; 海鰱目; 鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)
Character: Body slender, elongate, oval in cross-section and little compressed, depth about 6 times in standard length. No pre- or postpelvic scutes; pelvic scute with ascending arms present. maxilla short, tip blunt, reaching posteriorly almost to anterior border of preopercle; not projecting beyond tip of second supramaxilla; anterior tip of lower jaw only reaching to vertical through nostril. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 26 to 30. Dorsal-fin origin just posterior to midpoint of body. Anal fin short, with iii unbranched and 14 to 16 branched fin rays, its origin well posterior to vertical through base of posteriormost dorsal-fin ray. Body brownish or greenish above, silvery white below with a broad silver stripe along flank, becoming paler with age; all fins hyaline; caudal fin pale yellow. 
Habitat: Occurs in large schools near the surface, mainly in coastal waters but as far out as over 1,000 km from the shore. Tends to move more northward and inshore in spring and summer. Juveniles associate with drifting seaweed. Feeds on copepods, but also on oth 
Distribution: Distributed in Western Pacific Ocean, from southern Sakhalin Islands, Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts of Japan, and south to almost to Taiwan. It is very common in all Taiwanese waters, expecially in northern part. 
Utility: Marketed fresh and salted, processed into fishmeal and oil 
Name Code: 380976
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Engraulis&speciesname=japonicus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Engraulis&speciesname=japonicus
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Engraulis&speciesname=japonicus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Engraulis-japonicus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Engraulis japonicus Temminck & Schlegel , 1846

Japanese anchovy Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Engraulis japonicus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy) Engraulis japonicus
Picture by Zsilavecz, G.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Engraulis: Greek, eggraulis, -eos = anchovy (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on authors: Temminck & Schlegel .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 0 - 400 m (Ref. 50550 ).   Temperate; 8°C - 30°C (Ref. 56557 ); 49°N - 2°N, 105°E - 155°E (Ref. 54432 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: southern Sakhalin Islands, Sea of Japan and Pacific coasts of Japan, and south to almost Canton/Taiwan; rare records (seems to represent stray fishes) off the coasts of Luzon and Western Mindanao, Philippines and from Manado and Ujung Pandang, Sulawesi, Indonesia (Ref. 189 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 10 - 11 cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527 ); common length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527 ); max. published weight: 45.00 g (Ref. 56527 ); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 56527 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 13 - 18. Differs very little from the European anchovy (see E. encrasicolus ) and can be identified from that description. Of other anchovies found in the southern part of its distribution, only species of Encrasicholina and Stolephorus are of similar appearance, but all have small spine-like pre-pelvic scutes (usually 2 to 7 scutes). Thryssa have compressed bodies and a keel of scutes along belly.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in large schools near the surface, mainly in coastal waters but as far out as over 1,000 km from the shore. Tends to move more northward and inshore in spring and summer. Juveniles associate with drifting seaweed (Ref. 12114 , 12115 ). Feeds on copepods, but also on other small crustaceans, molluscan larvae, fish eggs and larvae and diatoms. Marketed fresh and salted, processed into fishmeal and oil (Ref. 12484 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana , 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 16 May 2018

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690 )




Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: commercial; bait: usually FAO(fisheries: production , species profile ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 8.1 - 23.3, mean 18.4 (based on 139 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00278 - 0.00786), b=3.12 (2.97 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.1   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies. Generation time: 1.1 (0.7 - 1.3) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 20 growth studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.05; tm=1-2; tmax=3). Prior r = 1.18, 95% CL = 0.78 - 1.76, Based on 7 stock assessments. Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Low .

Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. Modified by Bailly, Nicolas Fish Forum
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