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Epinephelus amblycephalus (Bleeker, 1857)
BANDED GROUPER
Blunt-headed Rock-cod; Blunt-headed Rockcod; Yellow-lipped Rock-cod; Serranus amblycephalus Bleeker, 1857

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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/ff28729b-3fde-4f8f-8030-d5f91bcf7178 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/ff28729b-3fde-4f8f-8030-d5f91bcf7178
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/ff28729b-3fde-4f8f-8030-d5f91bcf7178 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/b57e2b30-d0fe-48c4-824c-ce551bfc9750;jsessionid=D07E5E21EE8545DE3B46E084D6D0D2D9
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/b57e2b30-d0fe-48c4-824c-ce551bfc9750;jsessionid=D07E5E21EE8545DE3B46E084D6D0D2D9 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/b57e2b30-d0fe-48c4-824c-ce551bfc9750;jsessionid=D07E5E21EE8545DE3B46E084D6D0D2D9
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Serranidae  
 Genus Epinephelus  
  Epinephelus amblycephalus    (Bleeker, 1857) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Serranus amblycephalus   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Character: Dorsal fin with XI, spines and 15-16 rays; anal fin III, spines and 8; pectoral fin 18-19; lateral-line scales 47-52; longitudinal scales series 90-121; scales on body ctenoid except on thorax, anterior on abdomen and below first few dorsal spines; auxilary scales present on body; small scales on snout and maxilla; gill raker of first gill arch 8 + 15-16. Body depth less than head length, depth contained appr. 2.7 times in SL(for fish 12-35 cm); Head length contained 2.2 times in SL; preopercle rounded, with 3 to 6 enlarged serrae at the "corner"; upper edge of operculum slightly convex; nostril subequal or posterior nostril larger than anterior; maxilla scaly, reaching about to vertical at rear edge of eye; midside of lower jaw with 2 rows of teeth. Head, body, and median fins pale grey; body with 4 broad dark brown bars, the first two extending into spinous part of dorsal fin, the third and fourth bars extending into soft dorsal and anal fins; a fifth dark bar at base of caudal fin; small black spots on dorsal parts of body bars; dark brown saddle blotch on nape, with small black spots mainly along edge of this blotch; cheeks, snout, interorbital area, jaws, and chest mostly dark brown, with 2-3 white bands radiating from eye; irregular black bar on middle of caudal fin; maxillary groove yellow; ventral parts of head and body often with a pinkish tinge. Small juveniles (6 cm SL) white, with black bars on body as described for adults, the fins pale yellow with small black spots. 
Habitat: E. amblycephalus inhabit coral and rocky reef in the depths of 80-130 m. Tseng and Chan (1985) discussed food, rearing procedures, and larva development of specimens from Hong Kong. The maximum total length is 50 cm. 
Distribution: E. amblycephalus is known from the Andaman Sea to southern Japan, Taiwan, China, Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, New Guinea, northwestern Australia, and Fiji. 
Utility: E. amblycephalus is a popular and commercially important species in Hong Kong. 
Name Code: 382527
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Epinephelus&speciesname=amblycephalus ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Epinephelus-amblycephalus.html
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Updated: 2020-04-04 16:35:45 gmt
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