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Epinephelus caninus (Valenciennes, 1843)
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Serranidae   Epinephelus

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Epinephelus caninus, Dogtooth grouper : fisheries
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Epinephelus caninus (Valenciennes , 1843)

Dogtooth grouper Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Epinephelus caninus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Epinephelus caninus (Dogtooth grouper) Epinephelus caninus
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Valenciennes .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 30 - 400 m (Ref. 5222 ).   Subtropical; 46°N - 18°S, 19°W - 41°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Angola, including the Mediterranean.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 164 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89707 ); max. published weight: 35.0 kg (Ref. 5222 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 8. Distinguished by the following characteristics: uniformly dark reddish brown or greyish violet to yellowish grey; posterior parts of median fins with distinct white edge; 2-3 dark bands radiating posteriorly from the eye, uppermost extends from the eye to the lower opercular spine, 2nd runs from the lower edge of the eye across the angle of preopercle to the juncture of interopercle and subopercle, 3rd band extends from the dark mustache streak at the upper edge of the maxilla to the lower edge of preopercle; body depth 2.7-3.0 times in SL; head length 2.3-2.5 in SL; convex interorbital area; angular preopercle, 3-5 distinctly enlarged serrae at the angle and usually slender, antrorse or ventrally directed spine on ventral edge near the angle; serrate subopercle and interopercle; distinctly convex upper edge of operculum; posterior nostril is 2 or 3 times size of anterior nostril; scaly maxilla, reaching to or beyond vertical at rear edge of eye; 2 rows of teeth in midlateral part of lower jaw, inner teeth larger; well developed canines at front of jaws; caudal fin truncate, corners slightly rounded; body scales distinctly ctenoid, with numerous auxiliary scales (Ref. 089707 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs on sandy mud bottoms (Ref. 3589 ). Feeds on fishes and invertebrates (Ref. 5506 ). Maximum weight of 78 kilograms reported by Jose Manuel, Spain (05/05).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall , 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Data deficient (DD)  ; Date assessed: 17 November 2016

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

Updated: 2020-08-11 16:54:53 gmt
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