The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Dorsal fin with XI spines and 13 to 16 rays, the third to fifth spines longest, their length contained 3.1 to 4.7 times in head length and distinctly shorter than longest dorsal-fin rays; interspinous dorsal-fin membranes incised: anal fin with III spines and 8 rays; pectoral-fin rays 18 to 19, pectoral-fin length contained 1.7 to 2.4 times and pelvic-fin length contained 2.2 to 2.8 times in head length; caudal fin rounded. Midlateral-body scales ctenoid in juveniles; scales smooth in adults, except for small patch covered by pectoral fin; lateral-line scales 63 to 74; lateral-scale series 95 to 112. Pyloric caeca 16 to 18.
prefers clear water areas on coral reefs; juveniles have been taken on reef flats and in tidepools, but adults are found in deeper water (to 50 m). Randall (1980a) found that adults from Oceania were almost exclusively piscivorous; only
occurs from the Red Sea to South Africa and eastward to Ducie in the Pitcairn Group, the easternmost atoll of Oceania; in the western Pacific it ranges from Japan to New South Wales and Lord Howe Island.
Where it is abundant
is certainly of importance to artisanal fisheries, but separate statistics for this species are not available.
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