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Epinephelus tukula Morgans, 1959
Black-spotted Rock-cod; Potato Cod; Potato Grouper

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Serranidae   Epinephelus

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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Serranidae  
 Genus Epinephelus  
  Epinephelus tukula    Morgans, 1959 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Serranus dispar a Serranus fuscoguttatus   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Character: Dorsal fin with XI spines and 14 or 15 rays, the third or fourth spine longest, its length contained 3.1 to 3.8 times in head length and distinctly shorter than longest dorsal-fin rays; interspinous dorsal-fin membranes distinctly incised; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays; pectoral-fin rays 18 to 20; pectoral-fin length contained 1.6 to 2.1 times in head length: pelvic fins usually not reaching anus, their length contained 1.9 to 2.4 times in head length; caudal fin rounded. Lateral-body scales ctenoid, with auxiliary scales in adults; lateral-line scales 62 to 70; lateral-scale series 113 to 130. 
Habitat: E. tukula is a coral-reef species; juveniles may be found in tidepools, and adults occur in depths of 10 to 150 m. Morgans (1959) estimated that maturity occurs at 90 cm standard length, and in a later paper (Morgans, 1982) he reported a ripe femal 
Distribution: E. tukula occurs from the western Indian Ocean and Red Sea to the western Pacific. It is known from Egypt, Djibouti, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa (Natal), Seychelles, southern Oman, Pakistan, India, Japan (Okinawa and Honshu), Taiwan,  
Utility: It is an important species in the sportfishery of South Africa and Australia. 
Name Code: 382563
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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