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Epinephelus undulosus (Quoy and Gaimard, 1824)
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Serranidae  
 Genus Epinephelus  
  Epinephelus undulosus    (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Bodianus undulosus Cephalopholis undulosus Serranus amboinensis Serranus lineatus   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Character: Dorsal fin with XI spines and 17 to 19 rays, the third or fourth spine longest, its length contained 2.5 to 3.4 times in head length and longer than longest dorsal-fin ray; interspinous membranes of dorsal fin not incised; anal fin with III spines and 8 rays; pectoral-fin rays 18 or 19; pectoral fins shorter than pelvic fins, pectoral-fin length contained 1.7 to 2.3 times in head length; pelvic fins not reaching anus (except for juveniles), pelvic-fin length contained 1.6 to 2.2 times in head length; caudal fin truncate to emarginate. Lateral-body scales distinctly ctenoid, with numerous auxiliary scales; lateral-line scales 63 to 76; lateral-scale series 124 to 150. 
Habitat: E. undulosus is found on banks (rather than coral reefs) at depths of 24 to 90 m. According to Morgans (1982), it feeds on a variety of small fishes, small crustaceans (especially tomatopods), shrimp, and pelagic tunicates ( Thalia and Pyr 
Distribution: E. undulosus occurs in the northern Indian Ocean (Kenya, Somalia, Yemen, Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Aden, Laccadive Islands, India, Sri Lanka, and the Andaman Islands), and it is also known from Indonesia, Sarawak, New Guinea, Papua New Guinea, Solomon  
Utility: E. undulosus is (or was) common on the North Kenya Banks off Lamu and in the Wadge Bank trawl fishery off the west coast of Sri Lanka (Morgans,l964,1982). Talwar and Kacker (1984) reported that this species is of some importance in the fishery alon 
Name Code: 382564
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