Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) >
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref.
meaning speckled (Ref.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
North America: in Mississippi River basin from western Virginia to southeastern Kansas, and south to Louisiana in the USA; Gulf Slope drainages from Mobile Bay and Pensacola Bay in Georgia, Alabama and Florida to Sabine River in Louisiana in the USA; and in Clinch and Powell rivers in Virginia and Tennessee, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); common length : 4.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
Inhabit clear sandy and rocky pools of creeks and small to medium, usually fast, rivers (Ref.
). Eggs are found buried in the substrate (Ref.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Eggs are found buried in the substrate (Ref.
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00201 - 0.01253), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Reyes, Rodolfo B.
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