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Etmopterus spinax (Linnaeus, 1758)
VELVET BELLY LANTERN SHARK
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Etmopteridae   Etmopterus


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Etmopterus spinax (Linnaeus , 1758)

Velvet belly Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Etmopterus spinax   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Etmopterus spinax (Velvet belly) Etmopterus spinax
Picture by Salesjö, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Etmopteridae (Lantern sharks)
Etymology: Etmopterus: Greek, ethmos, -ou = sieve or ethmoides bone + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Linnaeus .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 200 - 2490 m (Ref. 55744 ), usually 200 - 500 m.   Deep-water; 75°N - 48°S, 43°W - 36°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Iceland, Norway, and the western Mediterranean to Morocco, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire to Nigeria, Cameroon to Gabon, Azores, Cape Verde, and Cape Province, South Africa.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 33 - 36 cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247 ); common length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247 ); max. published weight: 850.00 g (Ref. 40637 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on the outer continental shelves and upper slopes. Feeds on small fishes, squids, and crustaceans. Ovoviviparous, with number of young from 6 to 20 in a litter. Utilized for fishmeal and prepared dried salted for human consumption. Depth range reported at 70m-2000m in Ref. 35388.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V. , 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 01 December 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 5.8 - 14.2, mean 9.2 (based on 392 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00271 - 0.00444), b=3.06 (2.99 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.1   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies. Generation time: 6.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=6). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High vulnerability (63 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown .

Entered by Carpenter, Kent E. Modified by Sampang-Reyes, Arlene G. Fish Forum
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