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Etropus ectenes Jordan, 1889
SOLE FLOUNDER
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Paralichthyidae   Etropus

Etropus ectenes
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Etropus ectenes

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Overview
Main identification features
  • eyes and head small
  • body height less than less than 1/2 sl
  • pectoral: bars
  • lateral line has 54-55 scales
  • dorsal fin 88-96 anal fin 68-78
Eyes on left side; relatively slender, body height 41-44% of standard length; head small, 21-25% of standard length, pointed; upper eye at edge of head and partly over midline crest that extends between eyes; mouth small, 20-25% of head length; most of teeth on blind side, in 1 row on both jaws; 8-9 rakers on lower arm of 1st gill arch; lateral line not extending onto head and without arch over pectoral, relatively straight; base of eye side pelvic on midline of body; urinary papilla on blind side, immediately behind anus; pectoral 67-77% of head length; 92-95 dorsal rays; 73-76 anal rays; 54-55 lateral line scales.

Eye side grey to grey-brown, with dark blotches, fins spotted, pectoral with irregular bars; blind side pale.

Size: 24 cm.

Habitat: shallow soft bottoms, including estuaries.

Depth: 0-50 m.

Panama to Peru.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 50 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: octopus/squid/cuttlefish; mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=8; Southern limit=-15; Western limit=-82; Eastern limit=-73; Latitudinal range=23; Longitudinal range=9.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Estuary; Mud; Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 24 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Continent only; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; Panamic province endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Brackish; Marine.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Abbott, J.F., 1899., The marine fishes of Peru., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 51:324-364.
  • BÚarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Hildebrand, S.F., 1946., A descriptive catalog of the shore fishes of Peru., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 189:1-530.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., BÚarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D. S. and Goss, D. K., 1889., A review of the flounders and soles (Pleuronectidae) of America and Europe., Rept. U.S. Fisheries Comm., 14:225-342.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Etropus ectenes, Sole flounder : fisheries

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Etropus ectenes Jordan , 1889

Sole flounder Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Etropus ectenes (Sole flounder) Etropus ectenes
Picture by Eakins, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cyclopsettidae (Sand whiffs)
Etymology: Etropus: Greek, etron, -on = lower abdomen + Greek, pous = feet .
More on author: Jordan .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal. Tropical; 8°N -

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Colombia to Peru.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9330 ); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9330 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits soft bottoms of shallow waters, including estuaries. Utilized fresh or as fishmeal.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Hensley, D.A. , 1995. Paralichthyidae. Lenguados. p. 1349-1380. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9330 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 12 February 2021

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00385 - 0.01971), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) . Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649 ):   (0 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Fish Forum
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