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Eviota melasma Lachner, &. Karnella, 1980
Headspot Pygmygoby; Melasma Pygmy Goby

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Gobiidae   Eviota

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Gobiidae  
 Genus Eviota  
  Eviota melasma    Lachner & Karnella, 1980 
Provider: Chen, I-Shiung 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Name Code: 381755
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Eviota melasma Lachner & Karnella , 1980

Headspot dwarfgoby Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Eviota melasma   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Eviota melasma (Headspot dwarfgoby) Eviota melasma
Picture by González-Cabello, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Eviota: No etymology given, suggested by Christopher Scharpt: from Latin 'eu' for 'true' and 'iota' for anything very small, in combination 'truly very small' referring to it as being the smallest vertebrate at the time it has benn described by Jenkins (thus, making the suggestion by Scharpt plausible. .  More on authors: Lachner & Karnella .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 44 m (Ref. 86942 ).   Tropical; 25°N - 24°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Australia. Records from other areas may represent different species, from Cocos-Keeling Islands throughout the East Indies; in the south from Bali eastwards to Samoa and New Caledonia and southward to Australia (Scott Reef and the southern Great Barrier Reef); in the north extending to the Yaeyama Islands of Japan and eastward to Micronesia (Palau, FSM - Truk and Enewetak, and the Marshall Islands). Records from Fiji refers to Eviota karaspila .

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 5 - 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal spines : 1; Anal soft rays : 8 - 9. Characterized by semi-transparent body with red-brown internal bars; irregular reddish blotches on nape; presence of intense black spot above gill opening; three red blotches separated by white or yellow bars on side of belly; base of pectoral fin with narrow white band; longitudinal scale series 23-25; ctenoid scales, absent on head and breast; separated pelvic fins, thin membrane joining bases; depth of body 6.5-7.7 in SL (Ref. 90102 ). Dorsal to anal fin-ray formula 9/8 (Ref. 116739 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on rocks of corals reefs in the infralittoral zone (Ref. 559 , 48637 ). Solitary or in groups, resting at bottom (Ref 90102). Spawning appears to be repeated on a regular cycle, semilunar or every 14 days (Ref. 116739 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Myers, R.F. , 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 09 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Updated: 2020-05-26 13:49:45 gmt
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