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Gambusia holbrooki Girard, 1859
EASTERN GAMBUSIA
Bore-drain Fish; Gambies; Mosquito-fish; Mosquitofish; Plague Minnow; Starling's Perch; Top Minnow; Eastern Mosquitofish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Poeciliidae   Gambusia


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Gambusia&speciesname=holbrooki ---> http://www.fishbase.se/summary/Gambusia-holbrooki.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Gambusia holbrooki   Girard , 1859

Eastern mosquitofish Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Gambusia holbrooki (Eastern mosquitofish) Gambusia holbrooki
Female picture by Delgado Saez, J.A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Gambusia: Gambusia: From the Cuban term, Gambusino, which means "nothing", usually in the context of a joke or a farce. Fishing for gambusinos = when one catches nothing (Ref. 45335 ) .   More on author: Girard .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 8.8; dH range: ? - 40; potamodromous (Ref. 51243 ).   Subtropical; 15°C - 35°C (Ref. 13371 ); 40°N - 31°N, 89°W - 74°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Introduced worldwide in tropical and subtropical countries. North America: Atlantic and Gulf Slope drainages from New Jersey south to Alabama in USA (Ref. 5723 ). Established throughout southern Europe (Ref. 59043 ). Introduced for mosquito control, but had rare to non-existing effects on mosquitoes, and negative to perhaps neutral impact on native fishes (Ref. 12217 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59105 ); 8.0 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal spines : 1; Anal soft rays : 9

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults occur in standing to slow-flowing water, mostly in vegetated ponds and lakes, backwaters and quiet pools of steams (Ref. 5723 ), typically seen shoaling at the edges (Ref. 44894 ). They also frequent brackish water (Ref. 5723 ). Adults feed on small terrestrial insects usually in the drift and amongst aquatic plants, actively selecting very small prey (Ref. 6154 ). Also observed to take in mosquito larvae (Ref. 41168 ). Introduced worldwide. Introductions to Europe have seriously threatened many endemic species (Ref. 59043 ). It is now widely accepted that their effect has been minimal and even may have exacerbated the problem due to their voracious appetite for natural invertebrate predators of mosquito larvae (Ref. 44894 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Matures at 4-6 weeks; 3 generations can be produced in one year. Gestation lasts 3-4 weeks. Brood may reach up to 354 young, but is generally around 40-60 (Ref. 1672 , 59043 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr , 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Potential pest (Ref. 12257 )




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
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Ecology
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Common names
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Tools

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Special reports

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00748 - 0.01219), b=3.18 (3.12 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.1   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1; multiple spawning per year). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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Updated: 2019-01-20 15:54:38 gmt
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