Body oval and somewhat compressed, its depth 1.9 to 2.7 times in SL; dorsal and ventral profiles equally convex, moderately deep. Mouth pointing forward when protracted, with distinct caniniform teeth in both jaws. Gill rakers approximately equal in length to corresponding gill lamellae, 17 to 20 on first gill arch. A single dorsal fin with VIII and 16 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 13 or 14 soft rays; caudal fin forked. Head scaleless, but scales covering all of body except for breast ahead of a line from base of pectoral fins to origin of anal fin. Body silvery; back greyish, with dark yellow irregular marks extending to below lateral line.
Found in coastal waters. Young enter estuaries. Searches for prey using a protruding pipette-like mouth or by sieving potential food through their gill rakers. Feeds on small fishes, shrimps, other crustaceans, and polychaetes.
Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and the east African coast (30° to about 50°S), including Madagascar, Seychelles, Réunion Islands and Mauritius to Australia and Tahiti. In Western Pacific, recorded as far north as the Ryukyus. It is foun
Sold fresh and dried salted; also made into fishmeal.
Found in shallow inshore coastal waters over silty bottoms (Ref.
). Young enters mangrove estuaries or silty reef areas (Ref.
). Searches for prey using a protruding pipette-like mouth or by sieving potential food through their gill rakers (Ref.
). Feeds on small fishes, shrimps, other crustaceans, and polychaetes. Sold fresh and dried salted; also made into fishmeal.
Life cycle and mating behavior
, 1984. Leiognathidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 2. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref.