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Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1797)
Toothed Pony-fish; Toothpony; Leiognathus dispar De Vis, 1884; Equula dispar De Vis, 1884; Gazza equulaeformis Rüppell, 1835; Scomber minutus Bloch, 1797

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Leiognathidae   Gazza

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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Leiognathidae  
 Genus Gazza  
  Gazza minuta    (Bloch, 1795) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Equula dispar Equula minuta Gaza minuta Gazza argentaria Gazza dispar Gazza equulaeformis Gazza equulasformis Gazza equuleformis Gazza minuata Gazza tapeinosoma Scomber minutus details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Character: Body oval and somewhat compressed, its depth 1.9 to 2.7 times in SL; dorsal and ventral profiles equally convex, moderately deep. Mouth pointing forward when protracted, with distinct caniniform teeth in both jaws. Gill rakers approximately equal in length to corresponding gill lamellae, 17 to 20 on first gill arch. A single dorsal fin with VIII and 16 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 13 or 14 soft rays; caudal fin forked. Head scaleless, but scales covering all of body except for breast ahead of a line from base of pectoral fins to origin of anal fin. Body silvery; back greyish, with dark yellow irregular marks extending to below lateral line. 
Habitat: Found in coastal waters. Young enter estuaries. Searches for prey using a protruding pipette-like mouth or by sieving potential food through their gill rakers. Feeds on small fishes, shrimps, other crustaceans, and polychaetes. 
Distribution: Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and the east African coast (30° to about 50°S), including Madagascar, Seychelles, Réunion Islands and Mauritius to Australia and Tahiti. In Western Pacific, recorded as far north as the Ryukyus. It is foun 
Utility: Sold fresh and dried salted; also made into fishmeal. 
Name Code: 382049
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Gazza minuta (Bloch , 1795)

Toothpony Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Gazza minuta   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Gazza minuta (Toothpony) Gazza minuta
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Leiognathidae (Slimys, slipmouths, or ponyfishes)
  More on author: Bloch .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 10 - 110 m (Ref. 12260 ).   Tropical; 26°C - 29°C; 35°N - 36°S, 19°E - 137°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and the east African coast (30° to about 50°S) to Australia and Tahiti, north to the Ryukyu Islands (Ref. 27956 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5525 ); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 13 - 14.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in shallow inshore coastal waters over silty bottoms (Ref. 30573 , 90102 ). Young enters mangrove estuaries or silty reef areas (Ref. 4833 , 90102 ). Searches for prey using a protruding pipette-like mouth or by sieving potential food through their gill rakers (Ref. 26569 ). Feeds on small fishes, shrimps, other crustaceans, and polychaetes. Sold fresh and dried salted; also made into fishmeal.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Woodland, David J. | Collaborators

James, P.S.B.R. , 1984. Leiognathidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 2. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3424 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 02 July 2016

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.5 - 29, mean 27.9 (based on 1548 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.01252 - 0.02100), b=3.02 (2.95 - 3.09), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.2   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.70-1.30). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. Modified by Casal, Christine Marie V. Fish Forum
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