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Gerres macracanthus Bleeker, 1854
LONGSPINE SILVERBIDDY
Longspined Silverbiddy; Thread-fin Silver-biddy

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Gerreidae   Gerres


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/9fecd1f8-d624-4119-924f-5edbcdd5ede3 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/9fecd1f8-d624-4119-924f-5edbcdd5ede3
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/9fecd1f8-d624-4119-924f-5edbcdd5ede3 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/d054a8a6-dac0-4af3-9244-e4778fb9c59c;jsessionid=07B815B10D6D533F608FC74472312A6A
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/d054a8a6-dac0-4af3-9244-e4778fb9c59c;jsessionid=07B815B10D6D533F608FC74472312A6A ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/d054a8a6-dac0-4af3-9244-e4778fb9c59c;jsessionid=07B815B10D6D533F608FC74472312A6A
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Gerreidae  
 Genus Gerres  
  Gerres macracanthus    Bleeker, 1854 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Diapterus macracanthus Xystaema macracantha Xystaema macracanthum   details
Citation: Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002); Fishbase( 2002)
Character: Body compressed, elevated back, deep, its depth 2 to 2.5 times in standard length in larger specimens. Second dorsal-fin spine laterally compressed, produced into a filament, reaching upper lobe of caudal fin when depressed in specimens more than 140 mm SL.; second anal-fin spine much shorter than length of base of anal fin; pectoral fins long, tip of depressed fins reaching to level of first anal-fin spine; caudal fin deeply forked. Scales on lateral line 41 to 43. Body silvery, with 7 to 10 pale dusky bars on upper half of sides, absent in adults. Dorsal fin hyaline except for end of filamentous spine, which is black; anal, caudal, pectoral, and pelvic fins dusky hyaline, tips of anal fin, lower lobe of caudal and pelvic fins white.  
Habitat: Occurs in shallow inshore coastal waters to depths of at least 30 m on sandy bottoms and in estuaries. Schooling; feeds by sieving small vertebrates from sand. 
Distribution: Distributed from East Africa to the central Indo-Malayan area, as far east as the Philippines and north to Taiwan and southern Japan. It is found in southwestern and southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 381683
   Marine     
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Gerres&speciesname=macracanthus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Gerres&speciesname=macracanthus
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Gerres&speciesname=macracanthus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Gerres-macracanthus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Gerres macracanthus Bleeker , 1854

Longspine silverbiddy Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Gerres macracanthus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Gerres macracanthus (Longspine silverbiddy) Gerres macracanthus
Picture by The Fish Database of Taiwan

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gerreidae (Mojarras)
Etymology: Gerres: Latin, gerres = a kind of anchovies; cited by Plinius .  More on author: Bleeker .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 1 - 22 m (Ref. 99978 ).   Tropical

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Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Indonesia and New Guinea.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Similar to G. filamentosus with the long filament on the dorsal fin but instead of spots, it has bars along the sides (Ref. 48635 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in shallow inshore coastal waters on sandy bottoms and in estuaries. Maintain discrete, single species' schools (Ref. 13682 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Woodland, David J. | Collaborators

Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo , 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 2952 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00520 - 0.01924), b=3.02 (2.86 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.4   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .

Entered by Casal, Christine Marie V. Modified by Santos, Kristine Fish Forum
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