FishBase | Search | All Living Things


Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Linnaeus, 1758)
WITCH
Witch Flounder

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Pleuronectidae   Glyptocephalus


Click on map for details about points.

IDnature guides

Links

    We parsed the following live from the Web into this page. Such content is managed by its original site and not cached on Discover Life. Please send feedback and corrections directly to the source. See original regarding copyrights and terms of use.
  • FishBase

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from FishBase
   Top | See original

http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Glyptocephalus&speciesname=cynoglossus ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Glyptocephalus-cynoglossus.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Glyptocephalus-cynoglossus.html ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Glyptocephalus-cynoglossus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Linnaeus , 1758)

Witch flounder Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Year 2100
Reviewed map
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder) Glyptocephalus cynoglossus
Picture by Dolgov, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Glyptocephalus: Greek, glyptes = carver + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 18 - 1570 m (Ref. 5951 ), usually 45 - 366 m (Ref. 6263 ).   Temperate; 2°C - 6°C (Ref. 6263 ); 74°N - 35°N, 79°W - 26°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Northern Spain to northern Norway. Western Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence and Grand Banks in Canada to North Carolina in USA (Ref. 7251 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 30.4   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4705 ); max. published weight: 2.5 kg (Ref. 35388 ); max. reported age: 25 years (Ref. 6263 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 95-120; Anal soft rays : 85 - 102. Pectoral fin of eyed side shorter than head. Distal part of pectoral fin blackish (Ref. 232 ). Large mucus pores on the blind side of the head. Uniform coloration, rough scales. Body elongated with complete straight lateral line (Ref. 35388 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits soft mud bottoms in fairly deep water (Ref. 9988 ). Benthic (Ref. 58426 ). Feeds on crustaceans, polychaetes, brittle stars (Ref. 9988 ) and fishes (Ref. 58426 ). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten steamed, fried, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Eggs and larvae are pelagic.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Amaoka, Kunio | Collaborators

Cooper, J.A. and F. Chapleau , 1998. Monophyly and intrarelationships of the family Pleuronectidae (Pleuronectiformes), with a revised classification. Fish. Bull. 96(4):686-726. (Ref. 30193 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(fisheries: production , species profile ; publication : search ) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Bio-Quiz | E-book | Field guide | Identification keys | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | RFE Identification | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 0.6 - 11.4, mean 7 (based on 1302 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00569 - 0.00841), b=3.06 (3.01 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.2   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.15-0.2; tmax=25). Prior r = 0.49, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.64, Based on 1 stock assessment. Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Sampang-Reyes, Arlene G. Fish Forum
Comments & Corrections
Sign our Guest Book Back to Search Random Species Back to Top
Accessed through: Not available FishBase mirror site : Stockholm, Sweden Page last modified by : mrius-barile - 20 July 2016
Total processing time for the page : 0.1517 seconds

Updated: 2019-05-19 17:08:28 gmt
FishBase | Search | All Living Things | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation