Rowley Shoals (17°20'S) and Scott Reef (14°03'S), WA, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea (12°15'S) and Raine Island, QLD (11°36'S) to off Broughton Island, NSW (32°37'S), also Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Norfolk Island, and Holmes Reef and Frederick Reefs, Coral Sea; tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.
Northeast Province (18), Timor Province (2), Norfolk Island Province (21), Cocos (Keeling) Island Province (22), Christmas Island Province (23), Northwest Transition (3), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)
Coral Sea Islands Territory, Territory of Ashmore & Cartier Islands
The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)
Dorsal-fin rays X, 10; anal-fin rays III, 8-10; pectoral-fin rays 15. Body depth 2.77 to 2.91 times in standard length. Dorsal head profile moderately sloped; eye relatively large, its diameter about equal to length of snout. The cheeks are scaled; maxilla with a longitudinal reticulated ridge. The inner pectoral fin base are without scales. Back region is brown with narrow silvery stripes. The rest of the head and body mainly silver to gray except for 4 or 5 brownish-orange on lower 2/3 of side. There is a prominent golden yellow blotch directly below the posterior part of the dorsal fin just in front of the caudal peduncle.
Inhabits subtidal reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs. Sometimes forms aggregations of about a hundred or more individuals. Feeds at night on benthic invertebrates like crabs and gastropods, occasionally on small fish. Usually marketed fresh.
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Tuamoto Islands, north to Japan, south to Australia. Recently reported from Norfolk Island. Taiwan: South, Lanyu, Lyudao, North-East.
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Inhabits subtidal reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs (Ref.
). May be solitary or in groups (Ref.
). Sometimes forms aggregations of about a hundred or more individuals. Feeds at night on benthic invertebrates like crabs and gastropods, occasionally on small fish. Usually marketed fresh.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Carpenter, K.E. and G.R. Allen
, 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 9. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(9):118 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 24.9 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 3356 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00889 - 0.02578), b=3.01 (2.86 - 3.16), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.7 ±0.57 se; Based on food items.
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Luna, Susan M.
Olisa, Kristine Elaine Paz
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