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Following modified from CalPhotos
|http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Gnathonemus+petersii&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Gnathonemus+petersii&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal|
Number of matches
SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Gnathonemus petersii%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon
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ID: 0091 3183 0935 0102
John H. Tashjian
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences
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Following modified from FishBase
|http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Gnathonemus&speciesname=petersii ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Gnathonemus&speciesname=petersii|
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Gnathonemus&speciesname=petersii ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Gnathonemus-petersii.html
Common name (e.g. trout)
Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) >
(Bony tongues) >
Greek, gnathos = jaw + Greek, nema = filament (Ref.
. More on author:
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19. Tropical; 22°C - 28°C (Ref.
Africa: Niger to Congo River basins (Ref.
). Widespread in the Congo basin (Ref.
). Also reported from the Cuanza in Angola (Ref.
) and Lake Tanganyika (Ref.
). Report from Lake Kivu questionable and probably erroneous (Ref.
Size / Weight / Age
range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref.
: 32 - 36
Occurs close to the bottom where it probes for food with the long snout. Territorial and usually aggressive towards members of its own species. This behavior has been shown to involve electric organ discharge (EOD) activity (Ref.
). Feeds mostly at night on worms and insects (Ref.
), probably aided by electro-sensory inputs (Ref.
). Electroreceptors are distributed over the entire head, the dorsal and ventral regions of the body, but absent from the side and the caudal peduncle where the electric organ is located (Ref.
). Sex-related EOD characteristics in this species has been demonstrated in the laboratory with freshly imported samples during the breeding season; such EOD dimorphism changed with time in captivity (Ref. 10764;
). Lead nitrate in water significantly increased EOD rate and selectively altered the EOD waveform of this species (Ref.
). Dubbed a `hearing specialist' having auditory abilities in the range of 100-2500 Hz, with `best frequencies' between 300 and 600 Hz (Ref.
). Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 150 cm; not recommended for home aquariums (Ref.
Life cycle and mating behavior
, 1984. Mormyridae. p. 63-122. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref.
Least Concern (LC)
; Date assessed:
01 May 2009
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Check for Aquarium maintenance
Check for Species Fact Sheets
Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets
Alien/Invasive Species database
Websites from users
Catalog of Fishes
| IGFA World Record |
Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes
| Reef Life Survey |
Tree of Life
) | World Records Freshwater Fishing |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00595 - 0.02787), b=2.84 (2.66 - 3.02), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.1 ±0.34 se; Based on food items.
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Luna, Susan M.
Binohlan, Crispina B.
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