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Gnathophis cinctus Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Gnathophis cinctus

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Gnathophis Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
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Main identification features
  • snout long, overhanging , with ventral keel
  • d: origin over pectoral
  • tail: ~60 percent total length tip stiff, small tail fin
  • top lip: low flange
  • pectoral base short, ends above top of gill opening


Head pointed; snout long, overhanging, with ventral keel; eye large, well back on head; mouth ~horizontal, top lip with narrow flange; teeth simple, conical, in bands on both jaws; length of tooth patch at front roof of mouth ~1/3 that of jaw tooth bands; front nostril a tube pointing down and forwards, rear nostril an oval hole immediately before eye; lateral line complete; top of gill opening below top of pectoral fin base; pectorals well developed; dorsal fin origin over rear end of pectoral fin; dorsal and anal fins with segmented rays, confluent with tail fin; tail much longer than head and body, tip slightly stiff, with small fin.

A circumtropical genus, except for western Indian Ocean and central Pacific, with 14 members; 1 endemic species occurs in our region.

  • Böhlke, E. B., 1989., Fishes of the Western North Atlantic., Sears Foundation for Marine Research1:655pp.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Garman, S., 1899., The Fishes. In: Reports of an exploration off the west coasts of Mexico, Central and South America, and off the Galapagos Islands, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross," during 1891. L.C.Z.L. Tannar, U.S.N. commanding XXVI., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 24:432pp.