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Indo-Pacific: Cocos-Keeling to the Hawaiian, Marquesas and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to Rowley Shoals in the eastern Indian Ocean and Lord Howe and Rapa islands. Replaced by
in the Indian Ocean (Ref.
). Hybrid with
documented from Cassini Island, Western Australia and reported from the Great Barrier Reef; with
, observed from Hawaii (Ref.
Size / Weight / Age
range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref.
A solitary species (Ref.
) found in coral-rich areas of lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of at least 30 m (Ref.
). Benthopelagic (Ref.
). Feeds mainly on small benthic crustaceans, sometimes on small fishes, brittle stars, and mollusks (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 24.5 - 29, mean 27.8 (based on 1030 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00390 - 0.01173), b=2.96 (2.81 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.7 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Capuli, Estelita Emily
Olisa, Kristine Elaine Paz
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