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Gymnocranius euanus (Günther, 1879)
PADDLETAIL SEABREAM
Iodine Bream; Japanese Large-eye Bream; Japanese Sea Bream; Paddle-tailed Sea-bream; Gymnocranius affinis Whitley, 1943; Monotaxis affinis Whitley, 1943; Sphaerodon euanus Günther, 1879

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Lethrinidae   Gymnocranius

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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/f6729f18-ffc8-417f-95c3-98ef89048af2 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/f6729f18-ffc8-417f-95c3-98ef89048af2
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Species Gymnocranius euanus (Günther, 1879)

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CAAB : 37351022 Taxon concept Gymnocranius_euanus last modified 2013-10-09 10:07:52.756

Species Gymnocranius euanus (Günther, 1879)

Paddletail Seabream , Iodine Bream, Japanese Large-eye Bream, Japanese Sea Bream, Paddle-tailed Sea-bream

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

 

Generic Combinations

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

NW of Kalbarri, WA (26°55'S) to Moreton Bay QLD (26°57'S) also Herald Cay, QLD (16°40'S, 149°20'E), Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs and Lord Howe Island, NSW, and Norfolk Island; tropical, west Pacific.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Lord Howe Province (14), Northeast Province (18), Norfolk Island Province (21), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Other Regions

Coral Sea Islands Territory

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Coral reef, inshore, marine, sand bottom marine.

Extra Ecological Information

15-50 m.

 

General References

Carpenter, K.E. 2001. Sparidae, Lethrinidae. pp. 2990-3050 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. [3020]

Carpenter, K.E. & Allen, G.R. 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae) . An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis. No. 125, Vol. 9. Rome : FAO 118 pp. [24]

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia . Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. [215] (as Gymnocranius affinis )

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes . Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. [425]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [197]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. [197]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89 (1): 11-127 [46] (1220, as Monotaxis affinis )

 

Common Name References

Carpenter, K.E. & Allen, G.R. 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae) . An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis. No. 125, Vol. 9. Rome : FAO 118 pp. [24] (FAO) (Japanese Large-eye Bream)

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia . Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. [216] (Iodine Bream, Paddle-tailed Sea-bream)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [197] (Japanese Sea Bream)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Paddletail Seabream )

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
19-Dec-2012 19-Dec-2012 MODIFIED
09-Nov-2011 MODIFIED

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Last modified: Wednesday, 9 October 2013 10:07:52 AM AEDT

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Lethrinidae  
 Genus Gymnocranius  
  Gymnocranius euanus    (Günther, 1879) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Gymnocranius japonicus Monotaxis affinis Sphaerodon euanus   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)
Character: Dorsal-fin rays X, 10; anal-fin rays III, 10; pectoral-fin rays 14. Eye is relatively large, its lower edge well above a line from the tip of the snout to the middle of the caudal fin fork. Caudal fin is moderately forked and with blunt tips. Overall color is silvery white to grayish. The scales of the back and sides have a small brownish basal spot. Prominent black blotches are scattered mainly on the anterior half of the body. A very faint bar is sometimes present below the eye to the lower edge of the cheek. Fins are clear to reddish, the caudal fin sometimes dusky reddish-brown. Faint spots may be evident on the dorsal, caudal, and anal fins. 
Habitat: Occurs over sand and rubble areas adjacent to rock and coral reefs. Feeds on bottom-dwelling gastropods. Caught with bottom longlines and handlines. Marketed fresh. 
Distribution: Western Pacific: including southern Japan, South China Sea, Australia, Coral Sea, New Caledonia, and Tonga. Recently reported from Norfolk Island. Taiwan: South, Penghu, Lyudao, North-East.  
Utility: Commercial fishery species. 
Name Code: 382065
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Gymnocranius&speciesname=euanus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Gymnocranius&speciesname=euanus
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Gymnocranius&speciesname=euanus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Gymnocranius-euanus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Gymnocranius euanus (Günther , 1879)

Japanese large-eye bream Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Gymnocranius euanus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Gymnocranius euanus (Japanese large-eye bream) Gymnocranius euanus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lethrinidae (Emperors or scavengers) > Monotaxinae
Etymology: Gymnocranius: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, kranion = skull (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Günther .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 15 - 50 m (Ref. 2295 ).   Tropical; 35°N - 28°S, 105°E - 170°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: including southern Japan, South China Sea, Australia, Coral Sea, New Caledonia, and Tonga. Recently reported from Norfolk Island (Ref. 8881 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2295 ); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2295 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 9 - 10.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs over sand and rubble areas adjacent to rock and coral reefs in lagoons and outer slopes (Ref. 9775 , 90102 ). Feeds on bottom-dwelling gastropods. Also caught with bottom longlines and handlines (Ref. 9775 ). Marketed fresh.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Carpenter, K.E. and G.R. Allen , 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 9. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(9):118 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 2295 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 09 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.3 - 28.9, mean 27.6 (based on 408 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01905 (0.01069 - 0.03395), b=2.97 (2.82 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.8   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies. Generation time: 5.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.22-0.24). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Olisa, Kristine Elaine Paz Fish Forum
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